Home | About | Contact | Buy the book | Blog

Nature Cures natural health advice


Let food be your medicine










Fungi is a group of simple plants that have no chlorophyll. Some species of fungi are single celled and others are multi-cellular organisms. Fungi are made up of filaments called hyphe that are stacked together from end to end.

Some kinds of fungi live on land and others live in water environments. Since fungi has no chlorophyll, it can not make its own food. Some types of live off of other organisms and are parasites, while others feed off of dead and decaying matter. A third kind of fungi lives with other organisms and neither the fungi or the organism is hurt. This kind of relationship is called positive symbiosis.

Fungal infections in humans can range from common mild conditions such as athlete’s foot, jock itch, mycosis, tinea, Thrush, ringworm and candida infections to serious life-threatening diseases such as invasive aspergillosis.

Trillions of varying species bacteria and yeasts reside in the gastro-intestinal tract and upon the skin. Normally, in the correct balance, they are harmless and some types of bacteria are actually beneficial and vital for human health and many processes that take place within the body. However, a great number of factors can quickly reduce the numbers of these beneficial bacteria and this is when an overgrowth of yeast can occur leading to many symptoms and chronic health conditions.  A yeast is a special type of "budding" fungus. Candida albicans yeast overgrowth is a very common occurrence in humans but all too often ignored by doctors treating patients for a very wide variety of symptoms.

Certain medications like antibiotics, azathioprine , corticosteroids and the ones administered during chemotherapy or after transplant surgery suppress the immune system thereby increasing yeast overgrowth. Other factors that weaken the immune system include:

  • Blood disorders

  • Diabetes

  • Digestive disorders

  • Extensive burns


  • Kidney disorders

  • Leukaemia

  • Liver disorders

  • Lung disorders

  • Lymphomas

  • Nutrient deficiencies

  • Stress

Stress seems to be an important factor that affects the immune system response as people suffering prolonged stressful situations generate fewer lymphocytes in response to antigens and fewer antibodies in response to viruses and yeasts. This may be because stress and intense exercise uses up all nutrients (especially the B-group vitamins and their co-factors and minerals) at a much faster rate leading to deficiencies if they are not sufficiently replaced which in turn affects the antibody cell production and maintenance.


Sugar has greatly increased in the human diet over the past 100 years as have pharmaceutical drug and toxic chemical use and chronic immune disorders have risen accordingly. It may be because sugar feeds the yeasts in the intestines and helps it to grow out of control and this, along with the factors mentioned above, could be the root cause of the many auto-immune disorders that are seen today.


Some systematic yeast infections are caused by fungi present in the soil, plants and house dust. Fungal infections that are contagious in nature are usually spread from an infected individual to an uninfected individual either by direct contact or by using objects that the infected individual has touched and contaminated.


The capability of fungi to survive and spread is greatly underestimated as is shown by a species called Ophiocordyceps camponoti-rufipedis also known as the 'zombie ant fungus'. This organism has been shown to control the mind and behaviour of carpenter ant workers. It manipulates its ant victims to return and die in the vicinity of the ant nest, ensuring a constant supply of potential new hosts and infects others by dropping spores.



Usually, the site of the infection determines the type of symptoms caused by it. Some common signs and symptoms of fungal infections include inflammation, irritation, itching, redness of the skin, peeling, etc. Certain kinds of fungal infections can trigger allergic reactions as well. When they occur on the fingernails or toenails, they are known as Onychomycosis which results in brittleness, discolouration, rough edges and other such problems in nails.


Fungal infections in the nasal cavities (sinusitis) can cause blockage and loss of the sense of smell. Small polyps can develop which can hinder breathing through the nose. A main symptom is major fatigue for over 3 months. Other common symptoms can be a runny nose, nasal congestion, loss of smell and headaches. There can also be a tendency towards nosebleeds but this is not apparent in all cases and nosebleeds can be due to other conditions. In 25% of chronic maxillary sinusitis (in the cheek bone area) there is an underlying dental infection which must be resolved. See Sinusitis.

Fungal infections in the lungs may lead to symptoms like fever, coughing, headaches, muscle aches, rashes and so on. Certain infections take months or even years before manifesting the symptoms. They cause progressive symptoms like weight loss, night sweats, chest pain etc.


Acute and chronic fungal infections can cause permanent lung, organ and bone damage. If not treated in time, they can become fatal too.



  • Abdominal pain.

  • Acid reflux, heartburn and indigestion.

  • Acne.

  • Allergies, sensitivities and intolerances that worsen in damp, muggy or mouldy places or weather that is damp, muggy, humid or rainy.

  • Anaemia.

  • Anti-social behaviour.

  • Anxiety, irritability, nervousness and panic attacks

  • Asthma.

  • Athlete’s foot and finger and toe fungal infections.

  • Attention deficit disorder.

  • Autism.

  • Babies - colic, cradle cap, nappy rash, oral thrush (coated white tongue).

  • Recurring bacterial infections such as E. coli, salmonella, h. pylori, etc.

  • Bloated stomach.

  • Bruising easily.

  • Cheekbone or forehead tenderness, pain.

  • Cold hands or feet, low body temperature.

  • Constipation or diarrhoea.

  • Cysts, abnormal formation of, in different parts of the body, especially around the neck, throat, and ovaries and in the bladder or scrotum.

  • Depression, mood swings and suicidal tendencies.

  • Diabetes.

  • Digestive problems - abdominal distension, bloating or pain, constipation, diarrhoea, flatulence, hiatus hernia, mucus in the stools or ulcers.

  • Ears - abnormal wax build-up , deafness, dryness, ear aches, ear discharges, ear infections, ear pain, fluid in ears, itchiness, ringing and sounds  in the ears (tinnitus).

  • Dizziness.

  • Eczema.

  • Fatigue, chronic fatigue syndrome or Epstein Barr or a feeling of being drained of energy, lethargy, drowsiness.

  • Female health problems - burning, redness or swelling of the vulva and surrounding area, cramps, discharge, infertility, endometriosis (irregular or painful menstruation), loss of sexual drive, menstrual irregularities, painful intercourse, pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), unusual odours, vaginal itching and thrush, vaginitis and other persistent infections.

  • Food cravings or addictions for alcohol, bread, pasta and other high carbohydrate foods and also alcohol.

  • Food sensitivities.

  • Fungal infections of the skin or nails, i.e. ringworm, seborrhoea dermatitis, dark and light patches on the skin (tinea versicolor), etc.

  • General itching and rashes.

  • Glands – swollen, too little saliva (dryness in the mouth), blocked salivary glands, swollen lymph nodes.

  • Hair loss, scum on the scalp, dandruff, itchy scalp, scalp sores and dryness.

  • Hay fever.

  • Headaches, migraines, brain fog.

  • Heart palpitations and irregular heartbeat.

  • Haemorrhoids, rectal itching, rash, irritation and redness.

  • Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar).

  • Hypothyroidism, Wilson’s Thyroid Syndrome, Hashimoto’s disease, hyperthyroidism, erratic thyroid function.

  • Increased occurrences of herpes eruptions.

  • Insomnia, nightmares and waking up frequently.

  • Itchy burning or puffy eyes.

  • Joint pain.

  • Kidney and bladder - burning pain when urinating, cystitis, difficulty urinating, inflammation of the bladder,  low urine output, urinary frequency or urgency or strong and strange smelling urine.

  • Lack of appetite.

  • Liver spots.

  • Male associated problems - difficulty urinating, enlarged prostate, impotence, loss of sex drive, prostitis, penis infections, painful intercourse, swollen scrotum, Tinea cruris (jock itch) or urinary frequency or urgency.

  • Memory loss, having to read words more than once and inability to concentrate.

  • Mouth sores or blisters, bad breath, canker sores, dryness, a white coating on the tongue (thrush) and blocked salivary glands.

  • Muscle aches and pain, numbness, burning or tingling, and lack of strength and coordination.

  • Nail infections.

  • Nasal congestion, dryness, itching or postnasal drip.

  • Nausea.

  • Odour of the body, feet or hair not resolved by washing.

  • Oral thrush.

  • Persistent infections.

  • Premature aging.

  • Psoriasis.

  • Receding gums.

  • Reduced mental clarity.

  • Respiratory - cough, bronchitis or pneumonia, pain or tightness in the chest, wheezing or shortness of breath.

  • Sinus inflammation, headaches, swelling and infections.

  • Sore throat, hoarse voice, constant tickle in the throat, laryngitis, loss of voice.

  • Urinary tract infections.

  • Vaginal thrush.

  • Water retention.

  • Weight gain.

  • Weight loss.

  • White coated tongue.



An autoimmune disorder occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue by mistake. There are more than 80 types of autoimmune disorders and some people have more than one at the same time. All microbes, including bacteria, parasites, viruses and yeast, can cause the immune system to attack cells throughout the body including the brain, ears, eyes, liver, joints, kidneys, lungs, heart,  intestines, muscles and peripheral nerves. These attacks can be mild and rectify themselves after a few weeks or can become chronic and cause worsening damage over years.


Auto-immune attack is often connected with causes such as chronic infections with yeast microbes like Candida. The original root cause that could have created this yeast overgrowth may have been:

  • Excess alcohol.

  • Excess antibiotic use.

  • Excess caffeine.

  • Excess protein in the diet.

  • Excess sugar.

  • Heavy metals toxicity such as cadmium and mercury from air and ocean pollution.

  • Herbicide, fungicide and pesticide toxicity from food crops.

  • High-glycaemic index food consumption.

  • Immune suppressant drugs.

  • Intolerance to foods such as wheat or milk.

  • Lack of fibre in the diet.

  • Medications.

  • Nutrient deficiencies, commonly vitamins A, C, D, E and the B complex and minerals iodine, selenium and zinc.

  • Recreational drug use.

  • Refined chemical-infused food (additives).

  • Tobacco use.

All of these factors can cause an imbalance of the intestinal bacteria and a yeast overgrowth and this will keep the immune system in a constant state of imbalance, producing auto-immune reactions. Adrenal hormones are often lacking in the vast majority of those with autoimmune disorders. The main hormone that controls the immune system is cortisol (hydrocortisone). A deficiency in cortisol results in an over reactive immune system.


  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)

  • Acute necrotizing hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis

  • Addison’s disease

  • Agammaglobulinemia

  • Alopecia areata

  • Amyloidosis

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

  • Ankylosing spondylitis

  • Anti-GBM/Anti-TBM nephritis

  • Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)

  • Autoimmune angioedema

  • Autoimmune aplastic anemia

  • Autoimmune dysautonomia

  • Autoimmune hepatitis

  • Autoimmune hyperlipidemia

  • Autoimmune immunodeficiency

  • Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED)

  • Autoimmune myocarditis

  • Autoimmune oophoritis

  • Autoimmune pancreatitis

  • Autoimmune retinopathy

  • Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (ATP)

  • Autoimmune thyroid disease

  • Autoimmune urticaria

  • Axonal and neuronal neuropathies

  • Balo disease

  • Behcet’s disease

  • Bullous pemphigoid

  • Cardiomyopathy

  • Castleman disease

  • Celiac disease (gluten-sensitive enteropathy)

  • Chagas disease

  • Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)

  • Chronic recurrent multifocal ostomyelitis (CRMO)

  • Churg-Strauss syndrome

  • Cicatricial pemphigoid/benign mucosal pemphigoid

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

  • Dermatomycosis

  • Cogans syndrome

  • Cold agglutinin disease

  • Congenital heart block

  • Coxsackie myocarditis

  • CREST disease

  • Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia

  • Demyelinating neuropathies

  • Dermatitis herpetiformis

  • Dermatomyositis

  • Devic’s disease (neuromyelitis optica)

  • Discoid lupus

  • Dressler’s syndrome

  • Endometriosis

  • Eosinophilic esophagitis

  • Eosinophilic fasciitis

  • Erythema nodosum

  • Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis

  • Evans syndrome

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Fibrosing alveolitis

  • Giant cell arteritis (temporal arteritis)

  • Giant cell myocarditis

  • Glomerulonephritis

  • Goodpasture’s syndrome

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) (formerly called Wegener’s Granulomatosis)

  • Graves’ disease

  • Guillain-Barre syndrome

  • Hashimoto’s encephalitis

  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

  • Haemolytic anaemia

  • Henoch-Schonlein purpura

  • Hypogammaglobulinemia

  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

  • IgA nephropathy

  • IgG4-related sclerosing disease

  • Immunoregulatory lipoproteins

  • Inclusion body myositis

  • Interstitial cystitis

  • Juvenile arthritis

  • Juvenile diabetes (Type 1 diabetes)

  • Juvenile myositis

  • Kawasaki syndrome

  • Lambert-Eaton syndrome

  • Leukocytoclastic vasculitis

  • Lichen planus

  • Lichen sclerosus

  • Ligneous conjunctivitis

  • Linear IgA disease (LAD)

  • Lupus (SLE)

  • Lyme disease

  • Mnire’s disease

  • Microscopic polyangiitis

  • Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)

  • Mooren’s ulcer

  • Motor neuron disease (MND)

  • Mucha-Habermann disease

  • Multiple chemical sensitivity

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Muscular dystrophy (myasthenia gravis)

  • Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME)

  • Myositis

  • Narcolepsy

  • Neuromyelitis optica (Devic’s disease)

  • Neutropenia

  • Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid

  • Optic neuritis

  • Palindromic rheumatism

  • Paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcus (PANDAS)

  • Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration

  • Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH)

  • Parry Romberg syndrome

  • Parsonnage-Turner syndrome

  • Pars planitis (peripheral uveitis)

  • Pemphigus

  • Peripheral neuropathy

  • Perivenous encephalomyelitis

  • Pernicious anaemia

  • Pemphigoid gestationis (PG)

  • POEMS syndrome

  • Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)

  • Type I, II, & III autoimmune polyglandular syndromes

  • Polymyalgia rheumatica

  • Polymyositis

  • Post myocardial infarction syndrome

  • Post pericardiotomy syndrome

  • Progesterone dermatitis

  • Primary biliary cirrhosis

  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis

  • Psoriasis

  • Psoriatic arthritis

  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

  • Pyoderma gangrenosum

  • Pure red cell aplasia

  • Raynaud’s phenomenon

  • Reactive Arthritis

  • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy

  • Reiter’s syndrome

  • Relapsing polychondritis

  • Restless legs syndrome

  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis

  • Rheumatic fever

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Sarcoidosis

  • Schmidt syndrome

  • Scleritis

  • Scleroderma

  • Sjgren’s syndrome

  • Sperm & testicular autoimmunity

  • Stiff person syndrome

  • Subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE)

  • Susac’s syndrome

  • Sympathetic ophthalmia

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

  • Takayasu’s arteritis

  • Temporal arteritis/Giant cell arteritis

  • Thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)

  • Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

  • Transverse myelitis

  • Type 1 diabetes

  • Ulcerative colitis

  • Undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD)

  • Uveitis (inflammatory eye disease, macular oedema)

  • Vasculitis

  • Vesiculobullous dermatosis

  • Vitiligo

  • Wegener’s granulomatosis (granulomatosis with polyangiitis  or GPA)




Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, pulmonary aspergilloma, or invasive aspergillosis. Aspergillosis are widely distributed fungal moulds found in soil and other organic matter. They have also been isolated in air-conditioning systems. There are more than a hundred different species but most human disease is caused by Aspergillus fumigatus or Aspergillus niger. Occasionally, Aspergillus clavatus and Aspergillus flavus cause human illness.

Typically, inhalation of the fungal spores allows entry of the pathogen into the body and may infect the respiratory tract. However, primary cutaneous infection can also occur, as well as onychomycosis (fungal nail infection). Otomycosis, or fungal infection of the external auditory canal can also occur as well as sinus infection. Another disease caused by aspergillus is an extrinsic allergic alveolitis known as 'malt worker's lung'. It is very rare and is due to the inhalation of Aspergillus clavatus spores found in malt and mouldy hay.



Inhalation of fungus from the natural soil habitat.



Found in exposed and moist parts of the body, like the vagina, vulva, penis, foreskin, nostrils, ear, oral cavity, nipples and folds of skin in diaper area. Candida can infect the intestines too.



Caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles called arthroconidia.



Caused by inhalation of soil contaminated with the encapsulated yeast.


Fungal meningitus


Fungal meningitis is relatively uncommon and causes chronic meningitis. Occasionally it can mimic acute bacterial meningitis. Cryptococcal meningitis is a common fungal form of the disease that affects people with immune deficiencies, such as AIDS. It can be life-threatening if not treated with an antifungal medication.



Primarily affects the lungs.




Ringworm is caused by various types of fungi and can be treated by the following remedies:

  • Chinese rhubarb root Mix one teaspoon of rhubarb powder to one cup of water. Then, bring to boil and simmer at a reduced heat for 10 minutes. Add a little honey to sweeten.

  • Mix lemongrass with pure coconut oil to apply as a liniment.

  • Holy basil leaf juice and tamanu oil are beneficial in the treatment of ringworm and other skin diseases when applied topically.

  • Cut open a fig leaf and take the milk or sap. Rub on the ringworm. This procedure works immediately.

For more information about each remedy see



A fungal infection of the nasal cavities that can lead to bacterial infection. Can be treated easily with natural remedies. See: Sinusitis.


Tinea pedis


Tinea pedis affects the epidermis of the foot.



Most women are bothered at one time or another by vaginitis; the itching, burning, pain and discharge that comes with a vaginal yeast infection. Yeast infections can be caused by a number of organisms, many of which inhabit the healthy vagina. One of the most common causes of vaginitis is the fungus Candida albicans. The annoying symptoms can include itching, discharge that has a "baked bread" odour, and reddening of the labia and, in some cases, the upper thigh. While yeast infections can often be treated successfully at home, it's important to be sure that yeast is really the culprit. Infection with other types of organisms can often cause symptoms similar to those of a yeast infection.

If the discharge is foul smelling, yellowish and frothy, it may be an infection by a one-celled protozoa called Trichomonas, or "trick." If there is a discharge without much irritation and a fishy odour after intercourse, it is caused by the dead sperm and can usually be cleared up by washing inside the vagina whilst laying in a warm tea tree oil and sea salt bath.


To cure thrush naturally is simple. Dip a tampon in some organic probiotic plain yoghurt and insert into the vagina. Leave for 4 hours then remove and take a tea tree oil and sea salt bath. Make sure to clean inside the vaginal opening while laying in the bath. If the infection is severe use the same method the following day. This should clear up the over production of yeast and return the balance of flora to normal.


Yeast organisms like warm, moist conditions, with little or no oxygen. In order to deny them the perfect growing medium, dry the vaginal area thoroughly after bathing or showering. Choose cotton underwear and loose clothes if suffering repeated attacks only wear tights with a built-in cotton-lined panty. Also, change into dry clothing straight after swimming.


Avoid using perfumed talcum powders and deodorants around the genitals as these can cause irritation that can lead to yeast infections. Perfumed soaps may have the same reaction. Try washing with home made natural herbal teas instead. See below.


Often, men harbour yeast organisms, especially in the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis, but show no symptoms, so when one partner is treated for a yeast infection, the other should be treated at the same time to avoid re-infection. Couples who make love before a yeast infection has been completely cured should also use condoms during intercourse to act as a barrier and prevent passing the infection.


Women who take birth control pills also appear to be at increased risk for developing yeast infections. While researchers haven't established a cause-and-effect relationship between the Pill and yeast, some studies have shown that oral contraceptives increase the glycogen (the body's storage form of sugar) in the vagina which provides more food for yeast reproduction.


Women who douche frequently in the belief that it is a healthy practice may actually increase their risk for yeast infections by altering the vagina's pH balance. Routine douching is simply not necessary, since the vagina is able to clean itself. Routine douching has been linked to an increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. PID can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes and result in infertility. If the infection spreads to the circulatory system, it can be fatal. Not only has routine douching been associated with an increased risk of PID, some researchers believe it may increase a woman's risk of developing cervical cancer.


In all cases normal personal hygiene without internal douching is the best prevention and cure for both bacterial and fungal infections. A healthy level of bacteria in the intestines is also important to provide the body with the antibodies it needs to clear up any infections. See below for a list of natural foods that can do this.




Veruccas are highly contagious and affect the feet.




As can be seen from the above there is a whole host of common ailments and symptoms that may be simply due to an imbalance of intestinal flora and an overgrowth of yeast. Often these conditions are treated with pharmaceutical medications that will simply compound the problem and what is being consumed in the diet or omitted from it is not considered at all.


Doctors rarely test for yeast overgrowth in the intestines as it is difficult to establish and even if yeast levels are assessed via the blood, saliva or stool, it is impossible to know how tolerant a person is to yeast such as candida and its by-products. A person with a strong constitution may be capable of hosting large populations of yeast with minimal symptoms, while another person may suffer greatly from a very mild overgrowth of yeast.


There is a scam on the internet that suggests a spit test can be an indicator of yeast overgrowth however, this was invented by a pharmaceutical company hard selling their antifungal medication and is no accurate indication and should be ignored as spit viscosity and density varies in everyone depending upon many factors and therefore most people will get a false negative or positive result.




Consuming an excess of any of the following food and drinks can cause an increase in yeast in the intestines.

  • Antibiotic treated animal products

  • Bananas

  • Beer

  • Biscuits

  • Butter

  • Cakes

  • Carbonated soft drinks (bottled mineral water is good to drink as it has plenty of minerals but avoid all soft drinks which are full of sugar and additives.)

  • Cheese

  • Chocolate

  • Coffee

  • Confectionary

  • Cream

  • Dairy products

  • Doughnuts

  • Fatty meats like duck, goose, lamb and pork.

  • Fried food.

  • Food additives such as preservatives and artificial sweeteners

  • Margarine

  • Muffins

  • Pastries

  • Pesticide laden food crops

  • Processed foods such as breakfast cereals and meats such as sausages and bacon.

  • Ready meals

  • Shop bought fruit juices

  • Sugar

  • Yeast extract products

  • Vinegar (except apple cider vinegar)

  • Wine

Some iron supplements, which rapidly produce free iron in the digestive tract, are routinely used in infant formulas, food fortification especially breakfast cereals, many low quality dietary supplements and prescription medications for those with anaemia.  Such iron compromises immunity and promotes digestive imbalance and the overgrowth of harmful bacterial and yeasts.




Step 1 Beverages


Abstain from drinking alcohol, caffeine-laden drinks (coffee and fizzy drinks) and chlorinated water entirely for one month as these can all aggravate a yeast infection. Stick with vegetable juices, coconut  water, green and herbal  teas and bottled at source mineral water or filtered water and drink at least eight glassfuls of these per day. Always drink one large glass of water before bed as this will help to flush out toxins caused from the die off of the yeasts.


Step 2 Cheese


Avoid cheese for one month as this contains moulds from the cheese making process which may hamper the elimination of a yeast infection. This will also result in some weight loss if cheese was consumed regularly.


Step 3 High glycaemic index foods


The higher the glycaemic Index of foods, the faster blood sugar rises after consumption and this extra sugar in the system will feed yeasts so these should be avoided. Foods with a high glycaemic index are:

  • Glucose

  • Breakfast cereals with added sugar

  • Sugar-laden soft drinks

  • Parsnips

  • Potatoes

  • Pretzels

  • White bread

  • White rice

Step 4 Mushrooms


While some medicinal mushrooms have powerful health benefits, many of them can cause an inflammatory reaction when there is a yeast infection present, causing more sensitivity for the sufferer and prolonging the course of the infection. Some mushrooms may also have traces of mould on them and this, if it is not removed completely, can cause further health problems. Until the yeast overgrowth is under control it is best to avoid mushrooms altogether.


Step 5 Vinegar


Most types of vinegar contain yeast, which depletes stomach acid and can cause inflammation and worsen symptoms and should be avoided. However, apple cider vinegar has many health benefits and does not appear to cause this problem.


Step 6 Shellfish


The shellfish that live on the sea floor and consume any detritus that falls their way may contain harmful toxins and chemicals and even some heavy metals which can aggravate the system when trying to fend off a yeast overgrowth. It is best to avoid clams, crab, crayfish, lobster, oysters and any other bottom dwelling shellfish until the intestinal flora has been rebalanced.


When consuming any seafood that may contain heavy metals, consuming algae such as chlorella, dulse, Irish moss and spirulina and herbs such as coriander or green tea or sulphur-rich foods at the same time can help to eliminate heavy metals from the system. See Sulphur sources below.


Step 7 Sugar


Cut out all forms of sugar for one month as this feeds the yeasts and helps them proliferate. Many processed and ready meals contain sugar in varying forms and these food additives should be avoided such as:

  • Agave nectar

  • Brown sugar

  • Corn sweetener

  • Corn syrup

  • Dextrose

  • Fructose

  • Fruit juice concentrates

  • Glucose

  • Glucose-fructose syrup

  • High fructose corn syrup

  • Invert sugar

  • Lactose

  • Maltose

  • Malt syrup

  • Molasses

  • Raw sugar

  • Sucrose

  • Sugar

  • Syrup

Step 8 Yeast products


Avoid any yeast products such as beer, Brewer’s yeast, wine and yeast extracts for one month. All these can cause bloating and flatulence which is often because of the yeast content. They also contain sugars which add to the burden. The result of eliminating these from the diet can be weight loss if they are usually consumed regularly which is advantageous when trying to balance the intestinal flora and improve the immune system and metabolism.




Conventionally, a number of medicines can be used to eliminate fungal infections. But excessive consumption of these medicines has been found to result in mild as well as serious side effects like anaemia, kidney damage, fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and steroid dependency. To avoid such harmful side effects it is wise to try natural remedies first to cure infections.


The best way to reduce yeasts in the body is to consume a diet rich in the foods listed below and reduce all the factors that can create the environment where yeast can grow well.


Lactoferrin is a natural component in saliva and must be present in adequate amounts to keep yeasts such as candida in balance. those with oral candida have significant low levels of lactoferrin and lack the ability to inhibit candida growth.  Also the immune cells in these patients’ saliva have defective weapons systems that reduced their ability to kill yeasts such as candida. 


Candida overgrowth sticks to mucosal linings and spreads like a weed.  A study with vaginal mucosal lining cells showed that lactoferrin not only significantly reduces candida from sticking; it also actually helps detach candida if it has already latched on.  This finding is likely to apply to other mucosal linings such as the lungs, sinuses and digestive tract.


Natural foods that contain short-chain fatty acids are the best defence against yeast overgrowth. Caprylic acid, lactoferrin, lauric acid and undecylenic acid all act to keep yeast levels in check within and upon the human body. The following all contain compounds which can fight against yeast overgrowth and regain a normal level of flora in the intestines. Making teas with the herbs in the following list and drinking three cups per day can help reduce yeast overgrowth.


Natural food remedies for yeast overgrowth


  • Alfalfa

  • Almonds

  • Barley grass

  • Castor bean oil

  • Chicory

  • Chilli pepper

  • Chives

  • Chlorella

  • Cinnamon

  • Citrus seed extract

  • Coconut flesh

  • Cold-pressed coconut oil

  • Cranberry juice (unsweetened)

  • Garlic

  • Ginger

  • Goat's milk (organic raw)

  • Green tea

  • Hemp seeds

  • Himalayan sea salt

  • Kelp

  • Leeks

  • Lemons

  • Limes

  • Olive oil

  • Onions

  • Palm oil

  • Papaya seed (crushed)

  • Peppercorns (ground)

  • Pomegranate seed oil

  • Pumpkin seeds (crushed)

  • Seaweed

  • Spinach

  • Spirulina

  • Turmeric

  • Turnip

  • Walnuts

  • Watercress

  • Watermelon seeds (crushed)

Herbal remedies


  • Aloe vera juice

  • Alum root

  • Basil

  • Black seeds

  • Burdock root

  • Cloves (crushed)

  • Chamomile

  • Chinese rhubarb root

  • Chives

  • Comfrey

  • Corn silk

  • Cnidium monnieri seeds

  • Curry leaf

  • Echinacea

  • Elecampane

  • Fig leaf extract

  • Gentian root powder

  • Golden seal

  • Holy basil leaves

  • Liquorice root

  • Lemon balm

  • Lemongrass

  • Maca root

  • Mullien leaves

  • Olive leaf extract

  • Oregon grape root

  • Oregano oil

  • Pau D’arco

  • Parsley

  • Passion flower

  • Peppermint

  • Pine bark

  • Pine needles

  • Stinging nettle

  • Tea tree oil


Liquorice root helps to produce the adrenal hormones often lacking in people with chronic yeast infections that can then lead to an over reactive immune system.  The main hormone that controls the immune system is cortisol (hydrocortisone).


Olive leaf extract has an active ingredient, oleuropein, which has powerful healing properties that fight bacteria, fungi, parasites, viruses and yeasts. The olive tree is often referred to as "The Tree of Life" and the extract from its leaves has been used as a natural antimicrobial for thousands of years and was revered by the ancient Egyptians.


To find out more about the herbs mentioned above go to the A-Z of Herbs and Spices page.




Consume a healthy portion of both insoluble and soluble fibre at least twice a day to aid absorption of nutrients and elimination of toxins from dying yeast cultures.. Beans, peas and pulses and vegetables (with their skins) are the best sources. Coconut flesh, nuts, seeds, brown rice and other unrefined whole grains are also good choices and seeds must still contain their husks. Fruit (with skins) is also high in fibre but also rich in sugars so should be kept to a minimum as they contain fructose which provide a growth spurt to yeasts.


When trying to eliminate a yeast overgrowth it is important to avoid especially sweet fruits such as apricots, bananas, mangos, melon, nectarines peaches, plums, prunes, strawberries and all dried fruits for the first month. They can then be introduced a few times a week once the intestinal flora has been rebalanced. It is important to consume all the different colours of vegetables whilst eliminating these fruits from the diet to ensure all nutrients are consumed that may be missing.


Highest sources of insoluble fibre

  • Broccoli

  • Brown rice

  • Cabbage

  • Carrots

  • Celery

  • Coconut

  • Courgettes

  • Cucumbers

  • Green beans

  • Millet

  • Nuts

  • Onions

  • Rye

  • Seeds

  • Tomatoes

  • Whole grains

The highest amounts of insoluble fibre are found in dark green leafy vegetables, grain and seed husks and root vegetable skins.


Highest sources of soluble fibre

  • Beans

  • Bran

  • Broccoli

  • Butternut squash

  • Carrots

  • Celery

  • Chia seeds

  • Coconut flesh

  • Courgettes

  • Cucumbers

  • Flax seeds

  • Hemp seeds

  • Lentils

  • Nuts

  • Oats

  • Oranges

  • Peas

  • Pinto beans

  • Psyllium husks*

  • Red kidney beans

  • White beans

  • Whole grains

  • Yams

*Consume a tablespoon of psyllium husks daily with a large tumbler of water afterwards to aid in better digestion and colon health.




Consuming prebiotic and probiotic foods regularly on a daily basis will increase the numbers of beneficial bacteria in the intestines which will then crowd out and reduce the numbers of naturally occurring yeasts in the intestines.

  • Prebiotic foods, containing carbohydrates such as inulin, encourages a healthy intestinal environment to benefit probiotic intestinal flora. Prebiotic is a fairly recently coined name to refer to food components that support the growth of certain kinds of bacteria in the colon (large intestine), oligosaccharides, resistant  starch and fermentable fibre feeds these bacteria who have an important influence on the rest of the body.

  • Probiotic foods contain beneficial bacteria and come from the fermentation process that the food has been allowed to undergo.  

The human digestive system has a hard time breaking down many of these carbohydrates. Almost 90% escapes digestion in the small intestine and reaches the colon where it performs a different function: that of a prebiotic. The bacteria that feed on fermentable carbohydrate produce many beneficial substances, including short-chain fatty acids, vitamin A, vitamin K and certain B vitamins. They also promote further absorption of some minerals that have escaped the small intestine, including calcium and magnesium. 


During and after any treatment with antibiotics, it is advisable to include more probiotic foods in the daily diet to replenish the beneficial bacteria that are wiped out by antibiotics. It is advisable to consume probiotics at least an hour before other foods to enable enough beneficial bacteria to survive and pass through the strong stomach acids.



  • Constructing vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin B7 (biotin) and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). The beneficial bacteria in the colon can produce at least half of the estimated requirement of 100 mg per day of vitamin K. Vitamin B12 is manufactured in the colon by bacteria but because it is below the ileum, where B12 is absorbed into the blood stream, this B12 is only used by the bacteria themselves or excreted.

  • Crowding out the pathogenic bacteria that cause disease such as salmonella and yeasts such as candida.

  • Lowering the levels of toxins and toxicity from nitrites added to processed foods.

  • Manufacturing natural antibiotics which help control or destroy the harmful bacteria.

  • Manufacture short-chain fatty acids, most are absorbed into the bloodstream, but some are used to feed the cells of the colon.

  • Producing enzymes which enable digestion various types of food.

  • Protecting the intestinal mucosa tissues from harmful fungus or yeast infestation - mainly by crowding out the yeast and fungus organisms and preventing them from adhering to the tissue where they could grow and spread

  • The health of colon cells, which turn over rapidly, is largely dependent upon the bacteria in the colon which in turn is dependent upon the food ingested for these bacteria.

Prebiotic foods


Making a rich soup with any of the following ingredients and consuming a small bowl daily before meals can help to restore the balance of the intestinal flora. Add plain yoghurt, spices like turmeric and chilli pepper and herbs such as coriander for added benefit. As mentioned above it is particularly important to address any imbalance of the beneficial bacteria in the intestines as this can combat any fungal or yeast invasion. Try to include some from each of the two categories below in the daily diet.

Prebiotic foods that feed the existing beneficial bacteria

  • Agave

  • Apples

  • Asparagus

  • Banana

  • Beans

  • Bran

  • Broccoli

  • Burdock root

  • Cabbage

  • Cauliflower

  • Celeriac

  • Chicory root

  • Cocoa (raw)

  • Coconut flesh

  • Dandelion root

  • Elecampane

  • Elephant foot yam

  • Garlic

  • Jerusalem artichoke

  • Jicama root
  • Kale
  • Leeks
  • Lentils
  • Mashua
  • Mugwort
  • Oats
  • Onions
  • Parsnips
  • Peas
  • Radish
  • Rampion
  • Salsify
  • Turnip
  • Swede
  • Sweet potato
  • Whole grains
  • Yacon root
  • Yams

Probiotic foods


Consumed one of more of the following probiotic foods one hour before a main meal to help replenish the beneficial bacteria in the guts. This is especially important after taking a course of antibiotics as they will have destroyed the beneficial bacteria as well as any pathogenic types that they were taken for.

Probiotic foods that contain beneficial bacteria

  • Brine pickles (eggs, fruit, nuts, seeds and vegetables that have been fermented by lactic acid bacteria)

  • Kefir (fermented milk drink)

  • Kimchi (a fermented, spicy Korean side dish)

  • Kombucha (fermented black or green Asian tea)

  • Miso (a Japanese fermented seasoning made with soya beans, salt and a type of fungus called koji)

  • Sauerkraut (finely shredded cabbage that has been fermented by lactic acid bacteria)

  • Tempeh (fermented soya beans)

  • Yoghurt (plain with live cultures)

Brine pickling

Brine pickles are easy to make at home taking only five days to ferment using just sea salt and water. They are not only beneficial for the intestinal bacteria balance but also provide high nutrition from the chosen foods, herbs and spices that have been pickled and will last up to twelve months if kept in a sealed jar so are a great chemical free preservation method. See Brine Pickling


In many cases, topical mixtures just will not permanently rid the skin of mould growth. In these cases it is entirely possible that the growth is more than just a fungal infection on the skin and more extreme measures may need to be taken and a diet life style change may be the best option. Completely eliminate yeast, sugar and wheat from the diet and try to eat unprocessed or refined natural foods free of additives and added sugar. Replace sugar with honey, especially in teas, as honey contains enzymes which will also fight off fungal infections whilst sugar will feed the fungi.


Many everyday natural foods have powerful antifungal properties such as: chicory, onions, crushed cloves, potatoes, tea and watercress.. They can be used both internally and externally to kill off yeast and fungal infections. Also, high fibre foods such as fibre foods such as legumes, vegetables and whole grains will bolster the body's defence system. The following remedies can be tried when mould infections persist.


For more information about each one see:

More natural remedies

  • Alum root: A decoction can be made of grated alum root simmered in a litre of water until the liquid has halved, strain then drink when cooled. NOTE: Alum root may cause gastrointestinal irritation if taken in large amounts.

  • Basil tea: Boil three and a half cups of water, remove from heat, and add one and a quarter of teaspoons of ground basil. Cover and steep for 30 minutes. Cool and drink one cup twice a day.

  • Black seed: Take one teaspoon of black seed powder with honey and drink three times a day, one hour before meals and one before bed. Eat four to five cloves of garlic in meals each day in conjunction with the black seed and honey.

  • Burdock root: Place a tablespoon of chopped burdock root into one pint of boiled cold water. Simmer gently for 20 minutes. Strain, cool, keep in a cold place and drink four times a day.

  • Cayenne pepper: Put a quarter teaspoon of cayenne pepper in water or juice and drink it three times a day.

  • Chinese rhubarb root: Mix one teaspoon of Chinese rhubarb root powder to one cup of water. Then, bring to boil and simmer at a reduced heat for 10 minutes. Add a little honey to sweeten. NOTE: not suitable for pregnant or breast feeding women, children under twelve years of age, those who suffer from colitis or have intestinal obstruction or have a history of renal stones or urinary problems, or if taking anticoagulant (blood thinning) medicine or  aspirin.

  • Coconut flesh, cold pressed oil and milk are all powerful against fungi and yeast both internally and externally.

  • Comfrey tea and Echinacea: Consuming these herbs as teas on a regular basis can reduce and avoid infections.

  • Cnidium monnieri seeds contain components that are antifungal and useful for treating skin conditions.

  • Cranberry juice: Drink a large glass of unsweetened cranberry juice every day.

  • Figs and fig leaves are effective both externally or internally.

  • Garlic cloves (sliced or crushed) have powerful antifungal properties. Eating at least three fresh garlic cloves a day with meals can prevent and treat yeast infections.  

  • Gentian root powder: Take one oz of gentian root powder in a glass of any available liquid.

  • Ground spices: Add ground spices such as cayenne pepper, chilli, coriander seeds, cumin, ginger, paprika, pepper corns and turmeric to meals or herbal teas daily.

  • Herbal teas: Drink three cups of cleansing herbal teas daily such as anise, basil, burdock, coriander leaves, dandelion, green tea, liquorice root, oregano, rosemary and/or thyme. Steep the herbs in hot water for 20 minutes then strain and reheat the liquid gently before sipping slowly. Add honey and freshly squeezed lemon juice if desired and drink 1 to 4 cups per day.

  • Holy basil leaves: Water boiled with holy basil leaves can be taken as a drink. This water can also be used as a gargle in the case of yeast infections of the mouth or throat.

  • Honey: Replace sugar with honey, especially in teas, as honey contains enzymes which will also fight off fungal infections whilst sugar will feed the mould.

  • Lemon: Consume half the juice of a lemon daily.

  • Lotus flower and milk: Taking a mixture prepared from lotus flowers and milk twice a day for at least two weeks for infections of the lips.

  • Olive leaf and grapefruit seeds: Drink a combination of olive leaf extract and grapefruit seed extract in a glass of water.

  • Pau D’Arco : Consume a Pau D’Arco tincture daily.

  • Peppercorns: Take seven peppercorns, grind and mix with honey and consume three times a day.

  • Seeds: Pumpkin, papaya and watermelon seeds contain powerful antifungal properties and should be crushed and sprinkled on meals.

  • Swede: For a lung infection the consumption of Swede can help reduce the wheezing.

  • Tea: For lung infections drink plenty of tea (helps to dilate the bronchial airways) especially green tea but avoid coffee.

Tea infusions


Tea infusions made with the following herbs can help to treat fungal infections. Use one teaspoon of any the following per cup of boiled water, steep 10-20 minutes and drink up to three cups a day. Gently reheat (do not boil) and sweeten with honey if desired. More than one can be combined for extra antifungal strength.


Infusion one

NOTE: Do not drink nettle tea if there are any heart or kidney problems.


Infusion two


Steep one teaspoon of crushed seeds of any of the following per cup of hot boiled water, steep 10-20 minutes and drink up to three cups a day. Gently reheat (do not boil) and sweeten with honey if desired. More than one can be combined for extra antifungal strength.

Tea for a fungal lung or sinus infection


To fight a fungal infection and ease breathing difficulties make a tea by mixing all the following ingredients and let them steep in hot (but not boiling) water for two hours. Then strain and gently reheat adding honey if desired. Drink three mugs per day until infection has gone.

Acid/alkalise balance

Check the pH of saliva with pHydrion paper. If the saliva pH is below 7.2 then there may be an imbalance of the bacteria flora in the intestines. To increase the oral pH to a normal 7.2 or greater, drink one teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda in 57 ml (two ounces) of cooled boiled water. It is that simple to neutralise the acids that can cause bacteria imbalance, fungal and yeast infections, virus infections, tooth cavities and decay, mouth sores, proliferation of worms and parasites, halitosis, acne, MRSA, anaemia and even oral cancer.

Cleaning the teeth with bicarbonate of soda and coconut oil after eating can help to correct the PH balance and avoiding commercial powerful toothpastes and mouthwashes can also help readdress the balance. It has been proved that the strong antibacterial mouthwashes encourages the proliferation of worms and parasites by killing the good bacteria in the intestinal tract.


Natural foods rich in the following nutrients are particularly useful to help the body fight off a Candida infection. Restoring the body's natural defences by addressing the balance of beneficial bacteria in the body is often all it takes to clear yeast and fungal infections in the early stages. This will also prevent and protect against infection in the first place. Supplements are not advised as they can upset the balance of nutrients and minerals in the body and often contain artificial additives that can cause further health issues. Follow the links below to find out the highest natural food resources of these nutrients.

NOTE: To benefit from foods containing fat-soluble nutrients, such as the carotenoids in carrots and tomatoes, always eat together with oily foods like avocado, coconut oil, olive oil, rapeseed oil, fish, nut, seed or other cold pressed plant oils because carotenoids are fat-soluble, meaning they are only absorbed into the body along with fats and can then assist with the manufacture of the essential vitamin A nutrient.

NOTE:  It is always best to consume natural foods rich in the vitamins and minerals required rather than synthetic versions as there is concern that the synthesising of some supplements can leave traces of heavy metals which are detectable in the final product. Over the last decade a number of supplements, from individual vitamins to whey proteins, have been tested and traces of a number of heavy metals have been detected. As mandatory product testing is not enforced it is impossible to determine which supplements may contain these heavy metals, and which do not. It is for this reason that many people do not recommend synthetic forms, as heavy metals are linked to  brain degeneration, liver toxicity and genetic mutations and could lead to the development of Alzheimer's disease, dementia, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease. See Heavy Metals under the A-Z of Minerals on this website for more information about how to avoid heavy metals and eliminate them from the body.

Only the highest food sources that are appropriate for people suffering with a yeast overgrowth are included in the following nutrient lists. The food sources that can promote yeast overgrowth, such as meat, dairy and those containing high-glycaemic index or sugar and yeast products have been omitted. 

Alpha lipoic acid

Found in every cell of the body, alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that attacks free radicals, waste products from the body’s conversion of food into energy, that can cause illness and cell degeneration. Alpha-lipoic acid is a particularly versatile antioxidant because it is both fat-soluble and water-soluble, allowing it to work in every part of the anatomy and protect cells both inside and out. Alpha-lipoic acid works as an antioxidant in both water and fatty tissue, enabling it to enter all parts of the cell and protect it from the damage and is especially important for nerve cells.

Because it works synergistically with many other nutrients, deficiency symptoms for this substance alone are difficult to characterise or diagnose. A true deficiency can mimic the general symptoms of inadequate antioxidant activity, including weakened immune function, decreased muscle mass and memory problems.


Natural sources of alpha-lipoic acid

  • Brewer’s yeast

  • Broccoli

  • Brussel sprouts

  • Flaxseeds

  • Organ meats

  • Peas

  • Rice bran

  • Spinach

  • Swiss chard

  • Tomatoes

  • Watercress


Astaxanthin is a  omega-3 fatty acid and one of the most powerful antioxidants known to man. Daily consumption of foods rich in astaxanthin can help with the regulation of blood pressure, blood sugar, liver and pancreas function, immune and inflammatory responses as well as thyroid and adrenal activity and hormone production. Astaxanthin gives the red and pink colour to fresh water and ocean fish.


Natural sources of astaxanthin

  • Crayfish

  • Prawns

  • Red sea bream

  • Red trout

  • Salmon and salmon roe (eggs)

  • Shrimp

NOTE: The highest concentration of this powerful antioxidant is found in a type of algae (Haematococcus microalgae) and red krill oil. Farmed salmon is often dyed pink. Wiold salmon is more nutriritous.




Avenacin is saponin which comprises of a mixture of four (A-1, B-1, A-2 and B-2) major auto fluorescent compounds that are accumulated in the roots of oats and barley, especially root tips, that have antimicrobial and antifungal properties.


Capric acid


Capric acid, together with caprylic acid and lauric acid, other medium-chain fatty acids, have powerful properties to fight yeast infections as they can easily enter the cells.. Natural sources of these fatty acids are aubergine, coconut flesh and cold-pressed oil, goats milk and pomegranate seed oil.

Natural sources of capric acid

  • Aubergine

  • Coconut (flesh and oil)

  • Cow's milk (full cream)

  • Goat's milk

  • Palm kernel oil

Natural sources of caprylic acid in alphabetical order

  • Coconut and coconut oil

  • Cow's milk

  • Goat's milk

  • Pomegranate seed oil

  • Palm oil

Natural sources of lauric acid

  • Coconut and coconut oil

  • Cow's milk

  • Curry leaf

  • Goat's milk

  • Palm kernel oil




Every cell in the body uses Iodine. Primarily, Iodine is crucial to the thyroid gland; it not only regulates the thyroid to guard against over and under activity, it serves as a kind of disinfectant route. A large amount of blood passes through the thyroid, an is thereby cleansed of harmful micro-organisms on the way.


Iodine is a fatal enemy of single cell micro-organisms. When life first started to evolve as a single cell organism, iodine was not part of their makeup. It was only later, after it had become concentrated in seaweed, that it was incorporated into the more complex, higher life forms. It is for this reason that the simplest level of life, the micro-organism, cannot tolerate iodine. It kills single celled organisms by penetrating the cell wall and combining with the amino acids tyrosine or histidine. All single cells showing tyrosine on their outer cell membranes are killed instantly by a simple chemical reaction with iodine that denatures proteins.


Nature and evolution have provided an important mechanism to control pathogenic life forms without man-made antibiotics that can cause mutations and resistance of pathogenic bacteria leading to infections such as MRSA and kill off the beneficial bacteria in the intestines leading to an overgrowth of yeasts. Iodine also helps the body to rid itself of harmful chemicals and heavy metals as well as eliminating abnormal cells which means it can also protect against cancer.


Highest sources of iodine in micrograms per serving mentioned

  • Chlorella, dulse, spirulina algae and kelp (1 tablespoon or 5 g) 750 g

  • Himalayan crystal salt (half a gram) 450 g

  • Cranberries (4 oz or 114 g) 400 g

  • Cod (3 oz or 85 g) 99 g

  • Shrimp (3 oz or 85 g) 35 g

  • Navy beans (4 oz or 114 g) 32 g

  • One medium sized egg 24 g

  • Tinned tuna (3 oz or 85 g) 17 g

  • Lima beans (4 oz or 114 g) 8 g

  • Peas (4 oz or 114 g) 3 g

  • Green beans (4 oz or 114 g) 3 g




Selenium is an important antioxidant that plays a role in the body's utilisation of oxygen. Alcoholics, as well as patients with arthrogryposis-renal dysfunction-cholestasis (ARC), candidiasis, chronic fatigue syndrome and other auto-immune disorders usually have low levels of selenium. It has a role in detoxifying poisonous phenols, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, hydrocarbons and chlorine which can help improve the levels of beneficial bacteria in the intestines and hence lower yeast overgrowth. It also helps in the prevention and treatment of dandruff and improves the condition of hair and nails. Supplements should not be taken as it can be toxic in high levels leading to brittle nails, gastrointestinal upset, hair loss and mild nerve damage.


Highest sources of selenium in micrograms per 100 grams

  1. Brazil nuts 1917 g *

  2. Tuna 108 g

  3. Octopus 89.6 g

  4. Wheat germ 79.2 g

  5. Sunflower seeds 79 g

  6. Amaranth 70.7 g

  7. Caviar (fish roe) 65.5 g

  8. Egg yolk 56 g

  9. Chia seeds 55.2 g

  10. Kippers 52.6 g

  11. Halibut 46.8 g

  12. Oat bran 45.2 g

  13. Salmon 41.4 g

  14. Turbot 36.5 g

  15. Sesame seeds 34.4 g

  16. Kamut 30 g

  17. Couscous 27.5 g

  18. Rye (whole grain) 13.9 g

  19. Spirulina 7.2 g

  20. Asparagus 6.1 g

  21. Spinach 5.5 g

*Just two brazil nuts per day will provide adequate levels of selenium in the diet.




Sulphur is a very powerful component against fungi and yeast infections both internally and externally. Flower of sulphur has long been used to treat infecxtions of the skin and is safe to use on animals too.

NOTE: Those suffering with bowel disorders such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis should avoid sulphur-rich foods.

Highest sources of sulphur in milligrams per 100 grams

  1. Scallops 520 mg

  2. Lobster 510 mg

  3. Crab 470 mg

  4. Prawns 370 mg

  5. Mussels 350 mg

  6. Haddock 290 mg

  7. Brazil nuts 290 mg

  8. Peanuts 260 mg

  9. Cod 250 mg

  10. Oysters 250 mg

  11. Chicken livers 250 mg

  12. Cheese (parmesan) 250 mg

  13. Caviar (fish roe) 240 mg

  14. Peaches (dried) 240 mg

  15. Cheese (cheddar or stilton) 230 mg

  16. Salmon 220 mg

  17. Beef 220 mg

  18. Eggs 200 mg

  1. Apricots (dried) 160 mg

  2. Almonds 150 mg

  3. Rabbit 130 mg

  4. Walnuts 100 mg

  5. Peppercorns 100 mg

  6. Cabbage 90 mg

  7. Spinach 90 mg

  8. Brussel sprouts 80 mg

  9. Chickpeas 80 mg

  10. Figs (dried) 80 mg

  11. Coconut 80 mg

  12. Hazel nuts 80 mg

  13. Mung beans 60 mg

  14. Dates 50 mg

  15. Split peas 50 mg

  16. Onions 50 mg

  17. Leeks 50 mg

  18. Radishes 40 mg


NOTE: Some people develop an intolerance to the thiols in sulphur-contain foods. See Food Allergies


Vitamin A


A deficiency in vitamin A  is associated with impaired immunity and increased risk of infectious disease because  it plays a role in infection and maintaining mucosal surfaces by influencing T cells, B cells and cytokines. Adequate levels of zinc are needed to transport vitamin A to the retina.


Two forms of vitamin A are available in the human diet: preformed vitamin A and pro-formed vitamin A which is made from carotenoids. Preformed vitamin A is found in foods from animal sources as they have already made carotenoids into vitamin A and includes dairy products, fish and meat (especially liver). The most important pro-formed vitamin A carotenoid is beta-carotene; other pro-formed vitamin A carotenoids are alpha-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin.


The body converts these plant pigments into vitamin A. Both preformed vitamin A and pro-formed vitamin A must be metabolised intracellularly in the body to retinal and retinoic acid, the active forms of vitamin A, to support the vitamin's important biological functions. Other carotenoids found in food, such as lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin, are not converted into vitamin A. Carotenoids are fat-soluble so must be consumed with a little oil from other foods such as avocado, fish, nuts, olives or seeds.


Highest sources of pro-formed vitamin A (carotenoids) in micrograms per 100 grams

  1. Chilli powder 49254 g

  2. Paprika 49254 g

  3. Carrots 17033  g

  4. Pumpkin 15563  g

  5. Kale 14704  g

  6. Butternut squash 11155  g

  7. Dried mint 10579  g

  8. Cos or romaine lettuce 8710  g

  9. Parsley 8424  g

  10. Cress 6917  g

  11. Watercress 3191  g

  12. Broccoli 2622  g

  13. Peas 2100  g

  14. Tofu 1913  g

  15. Carrot juice 1912  g

  16. Courgettes 1117  g

  17. Tomatoes 833  g


Vitamin B1


Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine,  is required for the metabolism of carbohydrates and helps fuel the body by converting blood sugar into energy. It also keeps mucous membranes healthy and is essential for the brain, heart, muscular function and the nervous system. It also enhances circulation and helps with blood formation and all these vital roles are important to help keep yeasts at bay.


Highest sources of vitamin B1 in milligrams per 100 grams

  1. Rice bran 2.75 mg

  2. Sesame seeds 1.21 mg

  3. Sunflower seeds 1.48 mg

  4. Coriander leaves 1.25 mg

  5. Pine nuts 1.24 mg

  6. Peanuts 0.44 mg

  7. Hemp seeds 0.35 mg

  8. Okra 0.2 mg

  9. Globe artichoke 0.20 mg

  10. Beetroot greens 0.12 mg

  11. Sprouted beans 0.39 mg

  12. Spinach 0.10 mg


Vitamin B2


Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin,  is required by the body to use oxygen and for the metabolism of amino acids, fatty acids, carbohydrates and protein. Vitamin B2 is further needed to activate vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) and vitamin B9 (folic acid), helps to create vitamin B3 (niacin) and assists the adrenal gland. It is also used for red blood cell formation, antibody production, cell respiration and growth. It is required for the health of the mucus membranes in the digestive tract and helps with the absorption of iron and vitamin B6. It is most beneficial to the skin, hair and nails.


Riboflavin is manufactured industrially using yeast or other fermenting organisms, used as a yellow colouring in foods and as vitamin fortification, but is difficult to incorporate into most foods due to poor solubility and it is destroyed upon exposure to light. It is very important to avoid supplements containing vitamin B2 and foods which have been fortified or coloured with riboflavin when suffering from an overgrowth of yeast.


Highest sources of vitamin B2 in milligrams per 100 grams

  1. Yeast extract 17.5 mg

  2. Lamb’s liver 4.59 mg

  3. Baker’s yeast 4 mg

  4. Parsley 2.38 mg

  5. Cheese 1.38 mg

  6. Almonds 1.10 mg

  7. Lean beef 0.86 mg

  8. Soya beans 0.76 mg

  9. Wheat bran 0.58 mg

  10. Mackerel 0.58 mg


Vitamin B3


Vitamin B3, also known as niacin, is required for cell respiration and helps in the release of energy and metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It is also required for proper circulation and healthy skin, functioning of the nervous system and normal secretion of bile and stomach fluids. The body manufactures vitamin B3 from tryptophan and vitamin B6. The body’s immune system creates a specific cytokine, interferon gamma, which breaks down tryptophan to make niacin. The man-made synthetic version of vitamin B3 has anti-vitamin properties meaning it  inhibits the absorption of other vitamins and should be avoided.


Highest sources of vitamin B3 in milligrams per 100 grams

  1. Yeast extract 127.5 mg

  2. Brewer’s yeast 40.2 mg (dependent upon source)

  3. Rice bran 34 mg

  4. Tuna fish (fresh) 22 mg

  5. Anchovies 19.9 mg

  6. Lamb’s liver 16.7 mg

  7. Chicken breast 14.8 mg

  8. Shiitake mushrooms 14.1 mg

  9. Peanuts 13.8 mg

  10. Tuna fish (tinned) 13.3 mg

  11. Spirulina 12.8 mg

  12. Calf’s liver 12.6 mg

  13. Chilli powder 11.6 mg

  14. Venison 10.8 mg

  15. Duck 10.4 mg

  16. Paprika 10 mg

  17. Sun dried tomatoes 9.1 mg

  18. Chia seeds 8.8 mg


Vitamin B5


Vitamin B 5, also known as pantothenic acid, is involved in reactions that supply energy, in the synthesis of such vital compounds as sterols (cholesterol), hormones (growth, stress and sex hormones), neurotransmitters (acetylcholine), phospholipids (components of cell membranes), porphyrin (component of haemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying red blood cell pigment), antibodies and in the metabolism of drugs (sulfonamides).


It also plays an important role in the secretion of hormones, such as cortisone, because it supports the adrenal gland. These hormones assist the metabolism, help to fight allergies and are beneficial in the maintenance of healthy skin, muscles and nerves. Vitamin B5 is synthesised by bacterial flora in the intestines which means an upset in the levels of beneficial bacteria can reduce levels of available vitamin B5.


Highest sources of vitamin B5 (In milligrams per 100 grams)

  1. Brewer’s yeast 13.5 mg

  2. Chicken livers 8.32 mg

  3. Rice bran 7.39 mg

  4. Sunflower seeds 7.06 mg

  5. Whey 5.62mg

  6. Yeast extract 4.60 mg

  7. Shiitake mushrooms 3.59 mg

  8. Fish roe 3.50 mg

  9. Spirulina 3.48 mg

  10. Paprika 2.51 mg

  11. Wheat germ 2.26 mg

  12. Sun dried tomatoes 2.09 mg

  13. Goose 1.83 mg

  14. Lobster 1.67 mg

  15. Duck 1.50 mg

  16. Peanuts 1.40 mg

  17. Buckwheat 1.23 mg


Vitamin B6


Vitamin B6. also known as pyridoxine, is required for the balancing of hormonal changes as well as assisting the immune system and the growth of new cells. A vitamin B6 deficiency can depress aspects of the immune response such as lymphocytes’ ability to mature and spin off into various types of T and B cells. It also assists in the balancing of sodium and potassium, promotes red blood cell production and  is also needed by the body to manufacture its own vitamin B3 and converts glycogen to the glucose needed for energy. Alcohol promotes the loss and destruction of vitamin B6 from the body and some medications, such as theophylline often prescribed to asthmatic children,  decreases body stores of vitamin B6.


Highest sources of vitamin B6 in milligrams per 100 grams

  1. Whey 5.62mg

  2. Yeast extract 4.60 mg

  3. Rice bran 4.07 mg

  4. Shiitake mushrooms 3.59 mg

  5. Fish roe 3.50 mg

  6. Spirulina 3.48 mg

  7. Sage 2.69 mg

  8. Paprika 2.51 mg

  9. Wheat germ 2.26 mg

  10. Sun dried tomatoes 2.09 mg

  11. Goose 1.83 mg

  12. Chicken livers 0.76 mg

  13. Lobster 1.67 mg

  1. Brewer’s yeast 1.50 mg

  2. Duck 1.50 mg

  3. Sunflower seeds 1.35 mg

  4. Wheat germ 1.30 mg

  5. Garlic 1.24 mg

  6. Buckwheat 1.23 mg

  7. Pistachio nuts 1.12 mg

  8. Tuna fish 1.04 mg*

  9. Beef or calf’s liver 1.03 mg

  10. Shiitake mushrooms 0.97 mg

  11. Salmon 0.94 mg*

  12. Turkey 0.81 mg

  13. Venison 0.76 mg

* Wild salmon (0.94 mg) contains far more vitamin B6 than farmed salmon (0.56 mg) and fresh salmon and tuna are far richer in vitamin B6 than tinned.


Vitamin B7


Vitamin B7, also known as biotin, vitamin H or coenzyme R, is used in cell growth, the production of fatty acids and the metabolism of fats and proteins. It plays a role in the Krebs cycle, which takes place within the mitochondria . It is also required for healthy hair and skin, healthy sweat glands, nerve tissue and bone marrow and assisting with muscle pain. Vitamin B7 not only assists in various metabolic chemical conversions, but also helps with the transfer of carbon dioxide and is also helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level. Because of these vital roles it is an important nutrient in the diet when trying to fight off yeast overgrowth. Other nutrients that are required for the effective use of vitamin B7 are chromium, magnesium, manganese and vitamins B2, B3, B5, B6, B9 and B12.


Highest sources of vitamin B7 in micrograms per 100 grams

  1. Chicken livers 180 g

  2. Egg yolk 60 g

  3. Walnuts 39 g

  4. Oatmeal 35 g

  5. Peanuts 34 g

  6. Fish 20 g

Vitamin B8


Vitamin B8, also known as inositol,  is a water-soluble fatty lipid that is required by the body for the formation of healthy cells. It assists the B vitamins to function more effectively and plays an important part in the health of cell membranes especially the specialised cells in the brain, bone marrow, eyes and intestines. Cell membranes are responsible for regulating the contents of the cells, to enable the cells to function correctly.


Its most important role seems to be in the central nervous system, where it serves to help transmit messages along neural pathways. Inositol is obtained from food from phytic acid, a substance found in the fibre of foods (phytic acid gets converted to inositol in the intestine) and from foods directly in the form of myo-inositol.


Deficiency can be caused by alcohol and coffee which block absorption of inositol. Antibiotics and many other medications also block B vitamins and vital co-factors like inositol from being absorbed. Stress and intense exercise uses up all nutrients (especially the B-group vitamins and their co-factors) at a much faster rate.


Highest sources of vitamin B8 (200 mg plus per 100 g)

  • Grapefruit

  • Oranges

  • Mandarin oranges

  • Cantaloupe

  • Kidney beans

  • English peas

  • Stone ground wheat

  • Swede (kohlrabi)

Highest sources of vitamin B8 (100 mg plus per 100 g)

  • Green beans

  • Butter beans

  • Split peas

  • Black-eyed peas

  • Limes

  • Blackberries

  • Artichokes

  • Okra

  • Kiwi fruit

  • Nectarines


Vitamin B12


Vitamin B 12, also known as cyanocobalamin, is essential to the metabolism of amino acids and fatty acids and important for the proper function of the nervous system and the maintenance and formation of blood cells and is involved in many other processes throughout the human body. Vitamin B12 is synthesised only by microorganisms and is not present in many plants as it is bound to the protein in foods. This is a primary reason why most plant-based foods cannot be relied upon to supply good amounts of vitamin B12 except for barley grass which is a surprisingly rich source of this vitamin. Root vegetable with stained spots due to contact with the soil, are a good supply of vitamin B12 however, once they are peeled or scrubbed they will no longer contain any vitamin B12.


Most animals obtain the vitamin preformed from their intestinal bacterial flora and although the bacteria in the human colon produces some B12 because it is below the ileum, where B12 is absorbed into the blood stream, it must be obtained in the diet from the food sources below.


Older adults with atrophic gastritis hampers the ability to absorb vitamin B12 from natural foods. Athletes, alcohol drinkers, people in stressful situations, people taking prescribed or recreational drugs, pregnant and lactating women, those on low-fat diets, vegetarians and vegans can all be deficient in vitamin B12. Anyone suffering with digestive and absorption issues or liver disorders can also be deficient in this vital vitamin.


Highest sources of vitamin B12 in milligrams per 100 grams

  1. Clams 98.9 μg

  2. Liver 83.1 μg

  3. Barley grass juice 80 μg

  4. Nori seaweed 63.6 μg

  5. Octopus 36 μg

  6. Caviar/fish eggs 20.0 μg

  7. Ashitaba (dried powder) 17.0 μg

  8. Herring 13.7 μg

  9. Tuna fish 10.9 μg

  10. Crab 10.4 μg

  11. Mackerel 8.7 μg

  12. Lean grass fed beef 8.2 μg

  13. Duck eggs, goose eggs, rabbit 6 μg

  14. Crayfish, pork heart, rainbow trout 5 μg

  15. Shiitake mushrooms 4.8 μg

  16. Lobster 4 μg

  17. Lamb, venison 3.7 μg

  18. Swiss Cheese 3.3 μg

  19. Salmon 3.2 μg

  20. Whey powder 2.37 μg

  21. Golden chanterelle mushrooms 2 μg

  22. Tuna 1.9 μg

  23. Halibut 1.2 μg

  24. Chicken egg 1.1 μg

  25. Chicken, turkey 1.0 μg

  26. Anchovies 0.9 μg

  27. Ashitaba leaves 0.4 μg


Vitamin C


Vitamin C is needed for healthy gums, to help protect against infection, assisting with clearing up of infections and is thought to enhance the immune system. Equal amounts of vitamin C and vitamin E need to be consumed in order to maintain the balance of iron, magnesium and zinc in order. Too much vitamin C can upset this and so supplements are not advised. Whdn consuming foods rich in vitamin C always include some foods from the vitamin E category below and vice versa.

Highest sources of vitamin C in milligrams per 100 grams

  1. Acerola cherries 1677.6 mg

  2. Camu camu berries 532 mg

  3. Rosehips 426 mg

  4. Green chillies 242.5 mg

  5. Guavas 228.3 mg

  6. Yellow bell peppers 183.5 mg

  7. Black currants 181 mg

  8. Thyme 160.01 mg

  9. Red chillies 143.7 mg

  10. Drumstick pods 141 mg

  11. Kale 120 mg

  12. Jalapeno peppers 118.6 mg

  13. Kiwi fruit 105.4 mg

  14. Sun dried tomatoes 102 mg

  15. Broccoli 89 mg

  16. Brussel sprouts 85 mg

  17. Cloves, saffron 81 mg

  18. Chilli pepper 76 mg

  19. Mustard greens 70 mg

  20. Cress 69 mg

  1. Persimmons fruit 66 mg

  2. Swede 62 mg

  3. Basil 61 mg

  4. Papaya 60 mg

  5. Rosemary 61 mg

  6. Pomelo fruit 61 mg

  7. Strawberries 58 mg

  8. Chives 58 mg

  9. Oranges 53.2 mg

  10. Lemons 53 mg

  11. Pineapple 48 mg

  12. Cauliflower 48 mg

  13. Kumquats 43.9 mg

  14. Watercress 43 mg

  15. Wasabi root 41.9 mg

  16. Kidney bean sprouts 38.7 mg

  17. Melon 36.7 mg

  18. Elderberries 36 mg

  19. Breadfruit 29 mg

  20. Coriander 27 mg


Vitamin D


Deficiency in vitamin D is associated with increased autoimmunity as well as an increased susceptibility to infection. Low vitamin D levels have been linked to diabetes mellitus (DM), inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and it is because vitamin D assists the immune system. A lower maternal intake of vitamin D during pregnancy in women whose prospective child was at risk of developing autoimmune diabetes mellitus is associated with a statistically increased risk of the child developing pancreatic autoimmunity.


Many people are deficient in vitamin D and unaware of it. This is especially true in the Northern hemisphere where sunlight is weak from October to April. Vitamin D is made in the skin from cholesterol when it is exposed to the sun’s UV rays. This is then stored in the fatty tissues of the body for between 30-60 days. Often not enough is stored to last through the winter. Also sunscreens, windows and clothing will stop the skin from being able to produce it. It is always advisable to consume vitamin D rich foods to compensate especially in the winter months. Just ten minutes of midday warm sunshine on exposed skin is all that is needed to top up supplies.


Complete cloud cover reduces UV energy by 50%; shade (including that produced by severe pollution) reduces it by 60%. Those with dark skin have less ability to produce vitamin D as over 90% of the sun rays cannot penetrate the skin This is also applicable to those that maintain a deep suntan over a period of time.


Copper, together with zinc improves the absorption of vitamin D which aids in the absorption of calcium. Alcohol and some medications cause the expulsion of zinc so it is advisable to consume more zinc rich foods if on medications or if alcohol is consumed regularly See Zinc on p xx. Copper rich foods are also rich in iron therefore, algae such as chlorella and spirulina and seaweed, plus green leafy vegetables all contain good amounts of copper. Cooking in copper pots can also provide extra copper in the diet.


Vitamin D is produced by cholesterol in the skin when it is exposed to sunshine. It is then stored in the fatty tissues of the body for between 30-60 days. During the winter months, in the northern hemisphere, there is often not enough to last through until the sun reaches its optimal strength again in the spring leading to a deficiency unless extra vitamin D rich foods are consumed.


Highest sources of vitamin D per serving

  • Krill oil - 1 teaspoon: 1000 IU

  • Eel - 85 g or 3 oz: 792 IU

  • Maitake mushrooms - 70 g: 786 IU

  • Rainbow trout - 85 g or 3 oz: 540 IU

  • Cod liver oil - 1 teaspoon: 440 IU

  • Mackerel - 85 g or 3 oz: 400 IU

  • Salmon - 85 g or 3 oz: 400 IU

  • Halibut - 85 g or 3 oz: 196 IU

  • Tuna - 85 g or 3 oz: 228 IU

  • Sardines - 85 g or 3 oz: 164 IU

  • Chanterelle mushrooms - 85 g or 3 oz: 155 IU

  • Raw milk - 1 glass or 8 oz: 98 IU

  • Egg yolk - 1 large: 41 IU

  • Caviar - 28g or 1 oz: 33 IU

  • Hemp seeds - 100 g or 3.5 oz: 22 IU

  • Portabella mushrooms - 85 g or 3 oz: 6 IU


NOTE: If supplements are taken they must be vitamin D3 and not D2 and check that aspartame has not been added to chewable forms. Consuming natural foods that are rich in vitamin D is far healthier, balanced and safer than taking supplements.  Copper, together with zinc improves the absorption of vitamin D.


One IU is the biological equivalent of 0.3 μg or 0.3 micrograms.


Vitamin E


The body needs vitamin E to boost its immune system so that it can fight off invading bacteria, viruses and yeasts. A deficiency can be caused by liver damage and may lead to nerve and muscle damage, an impaired immune system and fatigue. It is important to consume equal amounts of vitamin E and vitamin C as they have an opposite effect on the absorption of various minerals. Avoiding supplements and consuming nuts and seeds with dried fruits instead is a good way to gain sufficient and balanced amounts of both these vitamins.


Highest sources of vitamin E in milligrams per 100 grams


  1. Wheat germ 149.4 mg

  2. Hemp seeds 55 mg

  3. Hazelnut oil 47 mg

  4. Almond oil 39 mg

  5. Sunflower seeds 38.3 mg

  6. Chilli powder 38.1 mg

  7. Paprika 38 mg

  8. Rice bran oil 32 mg

  9. Grape seed oil 29 mg

  10. Almonds 26.2 mg

  11. Oregano 18.3 mg

  12. Hazelnuts 17 mg

  13. Flaxseed oil 17 mg

  14. Peanut oil 16 mg

  15. Hazelnuts 15.3 mg

  16. Corn oil 15 mg

  17. Olive oil 14 mg

  18. Soya bean oil 12 mg

  19. Pine nuts 9.3 mg

  1. Cloves (ground) 9 mg

  2. Peanuts 8 mg

  3. Celery flakes (dried) 6 mg

  4. Spirulina 5 mg

  5. Dried apricots 4.3 mg

  6. Bell peppers (red), eel, olives and salmon 4 mg

  7. Jalapeno peppers 3.6 mg

  8. Anchovies 3.3 mg

  9. Broccoli, chicken, chilli peppers (sun-dried), cod, crayfish, dandelion greens, egg yolk, duck, goose, pecan nuts, spinach, tomatoes (tinned or pureed) turkey and turnip greens 3 mg

  10. Avocado, beef, bilberries, blue berries, butter, chicory greens, cinnamon (ground), crab, halibut, herring (pickled), mackerel, marjoram, mustard greens, pistachio nuts, poppy seeds, sardines, sesame seeds, Swiss chard, trout, tuna, turnips and walnuts 2 mg

  11. Fish roe 1.9 mg

  12. Asparagus, kiwi fruit and parsnips 1.5 mg

  13. Black berries 1.2 mg

  14. Chlorella 1.1 mg



Zinc is a trace element essential for cells of the immune system and zinc deficiency affects the ability of T cells and other immune cells to function as they should. It plays an essential role in guarding against diseases and infection and is also needed to transport vitamin A to the retina. Zinc supplements are not advised though as too much zinc can inhibit the function of the immune system.


Iron can interfere with zinc absorption and therefore, if iron supplements are absolutely necessary, they should be taken alone between meals. Too much phosphorous can cause diarrhoea and calcification (hardening) of organs and soft tissue and can interfere with the body's ability to use iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc. It is a matter of getting the balance right which is why supplementation is not advised. Consuming foods that contain these minerals instead will ensure that a natural balance is kept.


Highest sources of zinc (In milligrams per 100 grams)

  1. Oysters 78.6 mg

  2. Chlorella 71 mg

  3. Wheat germ 16.7 mg

  4. Beef 12.3 mg

  5. Calf's liver 11.9 mg

  6. Hemp seeds 11.5 mg

  7. Pumpkin and squash seeds 10.3 mg

  8. Sesame and watermelon seeds 10.2 mg

  9. Bamboo shoots, endives and gourds 9 mg

  10. Chervil (herb) 8.8 mg

  11. Lamb 8.7 mg

  12. Venison 8.6 mg

  13. Alfalfa seeds (sprouted), amaranth leaves, Crimini mushrooms, Irish moss and tea 8 mg

  14. Crab 7.6 mg

  15. Lobster 7.3 mg

  1. Agave, basil, broccoli, buffalo, elk, emu, oats, ostrich, spinach and turkey 7 mg

  2. Cocoa powder 6.8 mg

  3. Cashew nuts 5.8 mg

  4. Asparagus, chicken livers, laver seaweed, mushrooms, parsley and rice bran 5.7 mg

  5. Cashew nuts 5.6 mg

  6. Pork 5.1 mg

  7. Jute (herb), lemon grass, mung beans, Portobello mushrooms, radishes and shiitake mushrooms 5 mg

  8. Agar seaweed, butterbur, cauliflower, chicory, Chinese cabbage, chives, coriander, green beans, lentils, lettuce, okra, rocket, spring onions, summer squash, Swiss chard, tomatoes and wasabi (yellow) 3.4 mg

  9. Peanuts 3.3 mg

  10. Cheddar cheese 3.1 mg

  11. Mozzarella cheese 2.9 mg

  12. Anchovies and rabbit 2.4 mg

  13. Cabbage, cucumber, jalapeno peppers, , kidney beans, navy beans, spirulina and turnip greens 2 mg

  14. Mussels 1.6 mg

  15. Arrowroot, artichokes (globe), beetroot, bell peppers, black eyed peas, borage, broad beans, Brussel sprouts, butter beans, cabbage, carrots, celery, chilli peppers, courgettes, dandelion greens, garlic, horseradish, kale, kelp, mustard greens, peas, pinto beans, potatoes, pumpkin, turnips, Swede, sweet potato, tomatoes (red),  wakame (seaweed), watercress and winged beans 1.2 mg



If a person in a household has a yeast overload or infection the house dust will contain their contaminated skin and their hair may also be contaminated. Most people lose anywhere from 50 to 100 strands of hair each day. Humans shed their epidermis at the rate of 0.28 to 0.085 grams (0.001 to 0.003 ounces) of skin flakes every hour. That is roughly 0.68  to 2 grams (0.024 to 0.072 ounces) per day and 255 grams to 765 grams (9 to 27 ounces or 0.56 to 1.68 pounds) per year. Dandruff can be caused by a fungal infection of the scalp and will cause even more shedding of skin from the scalp. The following can help to avoid yeast infection and overload and should be followed when someone is experiencing any of the ailments and symptoms listed above:

  • Change and wash outer clothes at least every two days. Underwear should be changed and washed at least once a day.

  • Clean dusty surfaces with a damp cloth at least twice a week.

  • Clean bathroom and kitchen surfaces meticulously daily.

  • Clean curtains and soft furnishings as often as possible or replace with blinds or nonporous materials.

  • Vacuum carpets daily or replace with no porous hard floors.

  • Wash bedding on a hot wash at least once a week.

  • Wash hands regularly.

  • Wash hard  floors with hot soapy water at least twice a week.

  • Wash kitchen utensils and crockery with very hot soapy water and dry well.

It is also important to shower at least once a day making sure to dry the body well after wards. Showering is more hygienic than taking a bath although a hot bath with aloe vera, coconut oil and a few drops of lavender or tea tree oil can help to kill yeasts infections of the skin.


Make your own natural dusting powder

  • Measure half a cup of arrowroot or corn flour and/or white clay into a bowl. (White clay is sometimes called kaolin clay or white cosmetic clay)

  • Sprinkle five lavender or eucalyptus oil drops over  the powder and mix well with a fork.

  • Add a few drops of any other essential oil of choice and mix well.

  • Sift together into a container then make small holes in the lid.

  • Use as talcum powder especially after a bath or shower.


  • Bicarbonate of soda and neem soap. Wash everyday with extra strength neem soap and bicarbonate of soda to exfoliate.

  • Black walnut tincture applied daily with cotton wool.

  • Chinese gold thread: Apply Chinese gold thread powder mixed with Pau D’arco tincture as a paste over the affected area.

  • Clay powder poultice: Purchase clay in powder form from a health food store, soak in water in a glass container for two hours, then apply directly to the affected skin. Leave on for 15 minutes then wash off and dry thoroughly.

  • Cold pressed coconut oil is especially good for fungal infections of the feet, nails and navel, skin and scalp.

  • Figs and fig leaves (crushed) can be used as an antifungal poultice.

  • Geranium essential oil in an olive oil base applied daily.

  • Lavender oil used morning and night.

  • Neem leaf tea: make a tea by steeping chopped neem leaves in hot water for 20 minutes. Then strain and apply the liquid to the affected area. Allow to dry then dust with a natural talc free powder..

  • Tea tree oil added to baths and used on affected areas morning and night.

  • Vinegar: wash affected areas in diluted vinegar then dry thoroughly. Avoid sun on the skin afterwards.

NOTE: Fungal spores can contaminated the soil of houseplants therefore, if suffering from a yeast overgrowth, it may help to remove houseplants from the home.

Fungi are important decomposers of dead animal and plant matter. They break down dead organic matter into simple compounds that can be absorbed by the plants around it. During the process of decomposing matter, fungi returns carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Green plants use the carbon dioxide during photosynthesis to produce food. Oxygen is released into the atmosphere during the process of photosynthesis, so animal and human life depends on the fungi for survival. Plants also benefit from fungi that settle around their roots. As the fungus decomposes dead matter around the roots of the plant, it leaves behind nutrients that the plant needs. Fungi also breaks down minerals in rocks.

When reproductive hyphae cells are made by the fungus, a mushroom shape forms at the top. The scientific name for the mushroom shape is the sporocarp. It has one purpose, that is to release reproductive spores. The sporocarp is not part of the live fungi. Reproduction in fungi is sexual, but the spores which contain the reproductive cells must somehow come in contact with one another before fungi can reproduce.

Humans can inhale these fungi spores or they can land on the skin. As a result, fungal infections often start in the lungs or on the skin but will usually only infect a person if they have a weakened immune system or take antibiotics.

There are approximately 200 species of fungi that live on the feet of humans and many others living on and inside the body which usually cause no harm. But when the immune system is affected or the natural balance of microbes is upset, through diet, medications, chemicals and toxins, fungi can proliferate and cause illness and rashes on the skin and under the nails.

The yeasts responsible for thrush form part of the normal commensal flora in humans, living harmlessly on skin, respiratory, gastrointestinal and genital tracts until a change in the host allows them to cause infection. The dermatophytes, or ringworm fungi, which cause athlete's foot and other infections of the skin, hair and nails are dependent on a human or animal host and are passed from person to person or animal to person. Most fungi, however, are free living in the environment and few of these are capable of causing infection in an otherwise healthy individual but can be responsible for life-threatening infections in patients with lowered immunity.

Avoid all yeast and yeast extract products such as brewer's or torula yeast or yeast spreads if suffering with a fungal infection as some may aggravate the condition.


Mould growing on the skin


Mould can grow anywhere on the skin and in hair follicles and underneath the nails and cause various types of symptoms such as:

  • Itchy rashes and non-itchy rashes and scabs.

  • Skin turning blue, green, grey or black which washes off.

  • Lumps, pimples and spots that slowly increase in size.

  • Hair and nail loss.

Four main causes for mould growth on the skin


1.     Excess moisture from humidity in the home environment.

2.     Improper drying procedures after washing or bathing.

3.     Diet; excess yeast products or sugar including alcohol, bread, yeast extracts etc.

4.     Skin reaction from infection or other outside sources.


High yeast diets increase chances of mould


Skin is the largest organ in/on the human body. It also tends to be the first place that body shows signs of inner problems. Because the skin is a kind of opening for the body’s waste to escape (ie. sweat glands/pores etc) there are often times when an overabundance of certain consumed items can seep out of the skin. For instance, when too much yeast containing products are consumed, there is an overabundance of yeast in the blood which can result in yeast infections or in an outbreak of mould on the skin.


Mould needs moisture, warmth and fuel


Because mould needs moisture, warmth and fuel to reproduce and grow, the human body is one of the most optimum places. The body temperature is high and the skin is made of biodegradable material that mould spores find an ideal environment to attach onto. Ways to prevent this are to use one of the following remedies.


External treatments to eliminate mould spores from the skin

  • Bicarbonate of soda and neem soap. Wash everyday with extra strength neem soap and bicarbonate of soda to exfoliate.

  • Black walnut tincture applied daily with cotton wool.

  • Chinese gold thread; Apply Chinese gold thread powder mixed with Pau D’Arco tincture as a paste over the affected area.

  • Clay powder poultice; Purchase clay in powder form from a health food store, soak in water in a glass container for two hours, then apply directly to the affected skin. Leave on for 15 minutes then wash off and dry thoroughly.

  • Cold pressed coconut oil is especially good for fungal infections of the skin, scalp, feet, nails and navel.

  • Figs and fig leaves can be used as an antifungal poultice.

  • Geranium essential oil in an olive oil base applied daily.

  • Lavender oil used morning and night.

  • Neem leaf tea; make a tea by steeping chopped neem leaves in hot water for 20 minutes. Then strain and apply the liquid to the affected area. Allow to dry then dust with a natural talc free powder..

  • Tea tree oil added to baths and used on affected areas morning and night.

  • Vinegar; wash affected areas in diluted vinegar then dry thoroughly. Avoid sun on the skin afterwards.

See more external remedies below.


Skin moisture prevention


After using any of the above remedies always dust the affected area with a natural talc free powder such as arrow root, bicarbonate of soda or corn flour to soak up any excess moisture.


Treatments to eliminate mould spores in the home

  • Keep the home moisture free by using a dehumidifier and opening windows when the weather is warm and dry.

  • Wash bedding and clothes daily in hot water (minimum 60 degrees).

  • Do not dry washing in the home.

  • Install an extractor fan in the bathroom and kitchen.

  • Change carpets and soft furnishings in the home or have them professionally cleaned.

  • Redecorate the interior of the house.

  • Make sure windows are sealed and not allowing moisture to build-up.

  • Check for leaking water pipes under floor boards.

  • Have the home damp proofed.

External remedies for fungal infections of the skin hair, nails and skin

Maintain proper personal hygiene and be particular about drying between folds of skin, the belly button and around the toes as fungus and yeasts thrive in these areas. Take baths adding tea tree oil, sea salt or any of the the herbal teas listed here to help clear up external infections. Keep house dust down and surfaces clean (see the Hygiene, Toxins and Health page for natural cleaners), eliminate damp and mould from the home, change into clean clothes daily and wash towels and bedding at least three times a week.

Pour a very hot bath adding a large handful of fresh mint leaves and leave to steep until the water is bearable for soaking the whole body. Remove the leaves and add one teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda then soak in the bath for as long as possible. Use a flannel to gently rub the skin whilst soaking. Do not use soap. Dry with a clean towel and then dress in clean clothes and change bedding. Do this everyday for three days and skin infections should clear up.

Adding a large handful of basil, borage, bay, fig, marigold, oregano and/or rosemary leaves, cloves (crushed or ground) and a few drops of lavender oil, coconut oil and/or tea tree oil to the bath with the mint can also provide extra antifungal properties. Leaves can be soaked in cold water and bicarbonate of soda then rinsed first before adding to the bath to eradicate any mites or bugs.

Aloe vera gel: Rub some pure aloe vera gel (by breaking open the aloe vera plant leaves) onto the areas of infection after the bath can also help.

Apple cider vinegar: Soaking the affected area in a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar mixed in equal proportions is one of the most effective natural home remedies.

Bay leaves are effective against fungal infections.

Black walnut has powerful antifungal properties.

Borage oil may be applied to areas of fungal infection daily until it has cleared up.

Common stinging nettles: The juice of nettle leaves as a tea or a decoction of the root can be used as a wash for fungal infections.

Fig leaf: Cut open a fig leaf and take the milky sap. Rub on ringworm infections. This procedure works very quickly for ringworm and scalp fungal infections, warts and boils. The application of the juice from fig leaves can also treat infections of the scalp.

Holy basil leaf juice is effective in the treatment of ringworm and other skin diseases when applied topically.

Tamanu oil is beneficial in the treatment of ringworm and other skin diseases when applied topically.

Lavender oil, coconut oil and garlic oil are excellent home remedies for fungal infections in nails. Apply any of these oils on the under side of the nails two times in a day to heal the infection.

Lemon (essential oil) may be applied to infections but sun on the skin should be avoided afterwards. Best used as a night time treatment.

Lemongrass mixed with pure coconut oil and applied as a liniment is an effective antifungal treatment. Add marigold for a more potent healer of fungal infection.

Neem leaves: Make a neem leaf paste by simply pounding fresh neem leaves with water using a mortar and pestle. Apply it onto the affected skin and leave for twenty minutes or until nearly dry. Then rinse it off. Alternatively apply a combination of crushed neem leaves and basil with some rose water. A paste prepared from neem leaves and turmeric powder can also be applied two to three times a day.

Oregano oil and olive oil: A mixture of one teaspoon of olive oil and two drops of oregano oil can be applied to treat fungal or yeast infections.

Turmeric: Prepare a paste-like mixture by mixing turmeric powder and water. Apply this paste on the affected area for sometime until it dries. Finally, wash it off with water to ease the symptoms and remove infections, especially in nails. A combination of turmeric and basil can also treat the infection.

Tea tree oil: Applying a light coat of pure tea tree oil on the feet is one of the most effective natural home remedies for foot infections. Continue this natural remedy for at least two weeks to see considerable difference.

Many other herbs have the ability to conquer fungal and yeast infections. Make strong decoctions or infusions of the following herbs by steeping in hot water for 20 minutes. To ease itching and burning apply externally with pads that have been soaked in it or bathe in hot water that they have been steeped in for 15 minutes.

Other natural remedies that can be used externally to help the body combat fungal and yeast infections are:


Try to avoid substances that can make it harder for the body to fight infection such as:

Drink six glasses of bottled mineral water per day to avoid chemicals additives such as fluoride and chlorine and provide more of the essential minerals the body needs. One glass should be consumed just before sleeping to help the body eliminate waste and toxins from the body and the brain.

NOTE Non-heme iron is found in tea and dark green leafy vegetables like spinach and kale. However, tea and green leafy vegetables also contain oxalates that block the absorption of iron. To assist the body in the absorption of non-heme iron eat a couple of strawberries, a kiwi fruit or some orange, tangerine or mango at the same time.

NOTE: Some nutritional yeasts, especially brewer’s yeast, can also interact with medications. Those who are on Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor antidepressants (MAOIs) medication are especially at risk. It is also best avoided by those carrying the herpes virus as it can induce an attack.
Try to avoid refined and processed foods, any foods with additives such as aspartame, coffee, fizzy drinks, sugar, table salt (use Himalayan pink crystals or unrefined sea salt), white flour and white rice (choose whole grains and brown or wild rice).

The following pages describes the body processes and the natural foods and nutrients it needs to function correctly which is important when combating fungal or yeast infections.

Associated subjects

"Nature cures not the physician..." Hippocrates 460 BC

Subscribe to the Nature Cures monthly newsletter


Search Nature Cures for an ailment, health disorder or disease




A-Z of health disorders

A-Z of health hazards

Acid/alkaline balance


29 x Air-purifying houseplants



Bacterial infections



Drug dangers

Fungi and yeast infections

Corneal graft information

Health and welfare links

Home-made air fresheners

Home-made cleaning products

Hygiene, toxins and health

Increase your energy

Injury, surgery and infection

Make your own home remedies

Nature cures for babies

Nature cures for pets

Obesity and how to lose weight

Pain and inflammation

Parasite and worms

Plea for cornea donations

Pregnancy and childbirth

Raw juice therapy

Shopping list

The human body

Virus infections


A-Z of minerals

A-Z of vitamins and organic nutrients

Amino acids


Antioxidants and free radicals


Cleanse and detoxify


Fatty acids

Food combinations

Food intolerances


Nature's colour codes

Nutrient deficiencies

Prebiotics and probiotics


Sports nutrition




A-Z of natural food and beverages

A-Z of medicinal herbs and spices

A-Z of root vegetables

Alcohol dangers

Ancient kitchen cures



Brine pickling

Butter v margarine

Calories in foods

Citrus fruit

Coffee and caffeine dangers

Daily essentials

Food allergies

Grow your own health garden

Healthy recipes

Juicing recipes



Oily fish

Organ meats

Raw juice therapy

Salt in the diet



Sprouting micro-diet

Sugar dangers

Whole Grains

Nature Cures

About Nature Cures

Advertise on this website

Buy the Nature Cures book

Nature Cures news

Nature Cures pocketbook series

Site map

Subscribe to the monthly newsletter

Terms of service

Web site index



DISCLAIMER: The information on this website is not intended to diagnose medical problems, prescribe remedies for illness, or treat disease. Its intention is solely educational. If you are in any doubt about your health, please consult your medical or health professional. Nature Cures does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of the information provided here or the outcome of using it. Nature Cures is not responsible for, and does not endorse, any content or items purchased from any external websites linked to this website.

Copyright 2010 Nature Cures. All rights reserved.

Email: health@naturecures.co.uk