The incredible human machine that has evolved amazing complexity, over thousands of years, works in harmony with all the organic and inorganic elements that surround it. It is also made up of all these things and uses many of them to carry out its internal processes. However, it can become overwhelmed; we often tend to poison it and spend a great part of our lives recovering from ailments that have been induced by toxic overdose, nutrient deficiencies and infections which, mostly, have been self-imposed.
In a healthy person, if the skin is cut open it will heal automatically. If part of the liver is lost, it regenerates itself. If a bone is fractured or broken it will begin healing itself immediately. Healing occurs naturally if the body is taken care of through its being given the right nutrients and through its not being repeatedly subjected to synthetic unnatural chemicals, heavy metals and damage.
AMAZING NUMBERS WITHIN THE HUMAN BODY
It is difficult to comprehend the enormous numbers involved in the construction and maintenance of the human body. The following shows the complexity of an average sized adult.
- The human body consists of 300 bones at birth many of which fuse to become 206 as an adult plus 642 muscles, 900 ligaments and 4000 tendons.
- The skin, spread out, would cover 16 square feet (1.5m²) and is made up of over 4 million pores that are permanently acting as the cooling system for the body.
- There are approximately 250,000 hairs on the head.
- There are 1,500,000 sweat glands which if spread out on one surface, would occupy over 10,000 square feet (929m²).
- The maximum sweat rates of an adult can be up to 4 litres per hour or 14 litres per day.
- There are 550 named arteries and 100,000 miles of blood vessels which could encircle the circumference of the earth four times.
- In 70 years, the heart beats 2,500,000,000 times and pumps 500,000 tons of blood around the body.
- The heart beats 100,000 times every 24 hours.
- The body contains 6 quarts of blood and the heart pumps 6,300 gallons around the system everyday.
- The 6 quarts of blood consists of 24 trillion cells and these make somewhere between 3,000 and 5,000 trips around the body everyday.
- There are 30,000,000 white corpuscles and 180,000,000,000,000 red corpuscles in the blood.
- The lungs are composed of 700,000,000 honeycomb like cells, all of which are used in breathing; this is equal to a flat surface of 2,000 square feet.
- The average adult at rest inhales and exhales seven or eight litres (about a quarter of a cubic foot) of air per minute which totals approximately11,000 litres of air (388 cubic feet) per day.
- The air inhaled is approximately 20% oxygen and air exhaled is approximately 15% oxygen, so about 5% of the volume of air is consumed in each breath and converted to carbon dioxide. A human being uses about 550 litres of pure oxygen (19 cubic feet) per day. Physical activity increases this number.
- Altogether 133 billion cubic feet of oxygen is required per day for the seven billion humans, currently alive on earth, to breathe
- The human brain uses about 200 kilocalories of energy per day which is equivalent to the amount of power a 10 watt light bulb uses.
- The nervous system, controlled by the brain, has 3,000,000,000,000 nerve cells, 9,200,000,000 of which are in the cortex (outer layer) of the brain alone.
- Nerve impulses to and from the brain travel as fast as 250 miles per hour which means a nerve impulse can travel six feet from the head to the toe within a hundredth of a second.
- The human body can consist of anything between 65% and 90% water and the total amount is dependent on body mass. Infants’ bodies contain up to 75% water. The adult average is between 12 and 18 gallons of water.
- Almost three pints of saliva are swallowed every day.
- The stomach generates daily from five to 10 quarts of gastric juice, which digests food and destroys germs; this is equal to two gallons daily.
- The average small intestine is approximately 23 feet (7 m) long.
- The average large intestine is approximately five feet (1.5 m) long.
- The human body expels methane gas on average 14 to 23 times per day totalling about two pints in volume mostly through burping.
- Water is the most abundant chemical compound in living human cells, accounting for 65 to 90% of each cell.
- The entire body is also made from the following elements: oxygen (65%), carbon (18%), hydrogen (10%), nitrogen (3%), calcium (1.5%), phosphorus (1.2%), potassium (0.2%), sulphur (0.2%), chlorine (0.2%), sodium (0.1%) plus traces of each of the following: cobalt, copper, fluorine, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium and zinc and even smaller amounts of aluminium, arsenic, bromine, lead, lithium, silicon, strontium, vanadium and many others.
- There are100,000,000,000,000 or 100 trillion cells in the human body but only one in 10 is human. Of these 90% are bacteria and fungi microbes and often viruses too. That is more than there are stars in the galaxy.
- Every day the body generates 300 billion cells to replace those that die.
- It take one month for the liver to replace itself and every seven years the entire body has replaced itself.
- Each eye is comprised of 130 million photo receptor cells
- Each cell in the human body contains 23 pairs (46 in total) of chromosomes. The largest, chromosome 1, contains about 8000 genes. The smallest, chromosome 21, contains about 300 genes. (Chromosome 22 should be the smallest, but the scientists made a mistake when they first numbered them).
- The smallest cell in the human body is about one billion times the size of its smallest component.
- Every cell contains thousands of components such as amino acids, chromosomes, DNA, enzymes, genes, hormones, mitochondria and organelles.
- There are approximately 23,000 genes which make up only 3% of the DNA.
- For every human gene in the human body there are 360 microbial genes.
- There are two metres of DNA in the nucleus of every cell.
- One gram of DNA can hold about two petabytes of data which is the equivalent of about three million CDs.
- Using the same amount of space, DNA can store 140,000 times more data than ferric oxide molecules, which store information on computer hard drives.
- Cells are made of molecules. Molecules are made of atoms. There are 118 different types of atoms known of so far.
- There are100,000,000,000,000 or 100 trillion atoms in an average human cell.
- There are approximately 7,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 (seven billion billion billion) atoms in one average sized human body.
- It is estimated that each cell in the human body contains about 100 times as many atoms as there are stars in the Milky Way. The Milky Way has approximately 100 billion stars.
There are many conflicting theories about the length of DNA strands in each cell of the human body (if stretched out). Some say they are 1.2 metres in length while others state they are about 2 metres long. It has also been theorised that, if placed end to end, human DNA would stretch from the earth to the moon. Others say it would be the distance between the earth and the sun four times. Others say it would stretch from planet earth to Pluto while yet another states it would stretch right around our solar system. Whatever the correct length is, it would stretch for an extraordinarily vast distance.
The human body is made up of over 200 types of specialised cells. Each cell is an amazing world in itself. The inherent nature of a cell is to regenerate to make good any damage and to reproduce, through cell division (mitosis) and planned cell death (apoptosis – see below), to sustain growth and to maintain the same number of cells in the body. The human body experiences about 10,000 trillion cell divisions in a lifetime.
A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all living organisms, the building block of life. All organisms are composed of one or more cells. Single-celled organisms emerged on earth at least four billion years ago and their main purpose is to reproduce in order to ensure survival of future generations. All cells existing today are the product of a continuing process of evolution. Just as bacteria have, in recent years, evolved to become resistant to antibiotics, the human body cells are evolving to survive the worst damage that nature (or man himself) can impose.
During cell duplication about one in every million of the new cells produced in the body has an inherent fault. Cells that are abnormal or damaged beyond repair are programmed to self-destruct through a process called ‘apoptosis’, which makes cell damage irrelevant. When this vital process fails, the result can be anomalous cells replicating out of control and becoming cancerous tumours.
The body also includes stem cells which act as a maintenance system. Stem cells divide, through mitosis, and self-renew to produce more stem cells. Stem cells can differentiate into diverse specialised cell types such as ‘chondroblasts’ which produce a special secretion called ‘chondrin’ which actively builds and repairs cartilage. As the chondroblasts mature they become ‘chondrocytes’ which replace the damaged tissues, effectively repairing the wear and tear of the cartilage.
Cells have different life spans and millions die every minute with or without damage. Cell damage and cell death therefore do not cause illness, because the cells naturally reproduce to provide a fresh start. These and other cellular functions are the natural processes that keep the body healthy. The cells will continue to repair or destroy themselves as required and will reproduce to replenish themselves, as long as they are supplied with the essential nutrients to enable them to do this. Illness develops when cellular functions break down and is very often due to missing elements in the diet.
With all the intricate processes and vast numbers in mind, it is no wonder that keeping this amazing machine in perfect working order is almost impossible, especially because of the hazards that are constantly encountered with the advent of fuel-driven travel and the advancement of chemical technology. This has produced pollutants, toxins and biological mutations which the human body has not yet had time to evolve a defensive resistance to. For this reason, humans must take care to provide the right environment to cleanse and repair the system using natural means which the body can deal with expertly. It is important to know how much the body can withstand and how much of each nutrient it needs (and how often) and this is the challenge as every human body is unique.
Incredible as it may be for treating serious illness, modern medicine does not take individuality into account and tries to provide a ‘one size fits all’ bullet to fix common ailments. Very often it does not investigate the actual root cause of a condition but simply tries to relieve the symptoms. Doctors have become so reliant on pharmaceutical medicines (and may be pressurised into using certain drugs) that some may have forgotten to treat patients by ‘doing no harm’, despite this being a key element in the Hippocratic Oath. Drugs can do much collateral harm, especially antidepressants, pain killers and sleeping tablets, and should, in my view, only be the ‘alternative’ treatment when dietary and lifestyle changes do not work. Natural remedies that ‘do no harm’ should be at the forefront of a doctor’s mind, especially before considering invasive surgery, which can cause infection and all kinds of other problems later on. I believe, patients should be given the choice of treatments– natural, pharmaceutical or invasive surgery, for example – and be fully warned of all possible outcomes.
The profit-led pharmaceutical industry inevitably carries out serious scientific research only on medicines that will bring in the highest returns and may never present adverse test results to the doctors who are prescribing these medications. The patient is then not made aware of the risks. In addition, ‘medications’ have been developed for people who are not even ill but are told that taking the tablets for the rest of their lives will ‘protect from future illness’, as in the case of cholesterol-lowering medications. How can such an arrogant statement be true when human beings are so individually unique and there is no real proof that a particular person would become ill from (or even develop) high cholesterol levels? This is a clever (and rather underhand) manipulation of people’s fears to create huge profits and is causing immeasurable and unnecessary suffering to so many from the ‘side effects’ of such drugs. The elderly are prime targets for, as their bodies age and break down, they think they have no choice but to trust in their doctor and for many reasons are often unable to question their doctor’s advice.
The debilitating side effects of ingesting some medications over long periods are generally ignored until hundreds of people show signs of damage. In other words, people are being used as ‘guinea pigs’ to test some drugs for free. Side effect is a strange term to use for something that has actually induced a secondary condition while supposedly ‘fixing’ the symptom of another. (A little like that other ominous term ‘friendly fire’.) And then, instead of removing the drug which is causing the side effect, even more drugs are prescribed to ‘fix’ the symptoms of the secondary ailment. This may add further to the drug-induced damage that is being caused to the body (especially to the liver) of the recipient of these powerful medications – and still the root cause of why they became ill in the first place remains unresolved. Scientists have estimated that in 50% of human ailments, the root cause is the diet. It is very probable that many cases are also drug induced.
Synthetic tablets and capsules, injections and absorption of powerful chemicals through the skin, eyes, nose and lungs, bypass the body’s natural defences, which would otherwise quickly flush them out through vomiting, sweating profusely to try to expel them through the skin, or releasing extra fluids into the intestines to quickly flush poisons out through the anus (by way of diarrhoea) before they can do harm. This natural reaction to toxins explains why the side effects of some medications and chemical food additives are diarrhoea, fever, nausea, pain and vomiting. The body is rejecting and trying to expel the poison being forced into it. Some of these toxins are absorbed and stored in various places within the body, including the bones and the brain, and put unnecessary strain on the liver and kidneys. This can then cause serious problems many years later.
Nature, on the other hand, works harmoniously on a molecular level which scientists do not yet fully comprehend due to the complexity of reactions that take place between inorganic and organic elements and microbes in a world too small to be seen by the naked eye. The human machine automatically takes the elements it needs from natural foods and expels the rest. Interfering in this process can cause unforeseen problems and will continue to do so until humans have learned all there is to know about the millions of molecular processes taking place deep within the body.
‘Vesicles’ are tiny bubbles of fat which act as the living cell’s internal shipping service, transporting their goods to the exact destination requiring those goods. They carry material such as enzymes, neurotransmitters and hormones around the body and they can also fuse with the outer surface of the cell and release their contents into the wider body. They are crucial for the way the brain communicates with the rest of the body, the release of hormones and the correct functionality of the immune system. Without this precise organisation the cell would lapse into chaos.
When the vesicle system is defective it can be due to brain and glandular disorders, interference by synthetic chemicals or simply missing nutrients required for the chain of commands to take place. This is why consuming the correct nutrients at the right time is so vital. If any substances are missing in the diet and cannot be manufactured by the body, or if stores become depleted, these miniscule processes begin to fail. This then affects the more complex functions of organs, such as the liver, which cleans waste, excess fats and toxins from the blood. Then, like a ‘domino effect’, the system starts to break down, allowing pathogenic (disease-causing) bacteria, viruses and fungi to invade and proliferate, in turn causing further damage to the already weakened machine.
In order to remain healthy and disease-free, it is far better to try to avoid synthetic chemicals as much as possible and thereby retain the precise balance of processes constantly taking place within the human body. When this is not possible it is advisable to flush the body regularly through the ingestion of naturally cleansing plant foods. See Cleanse and Detoxify.
Intestinal flora within the human body have vital purposes which are often disrupted by regular overexposure to toxic substances. Living in an increasingly ‘toxic soup’ and ingesting pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, pollutants, powerful medications, recreational drugs, alcohol and synthetic chemical food additives, as well as the daily use of toxin-laden cosmetics, chemical cleaning products and tobacco (which are absorbed through the skin and breathed in through the lungs), all upset the fragile balance of these microbes and this allows pathogenic bacteria, yeasts and viruses to invade, take hold and proliferate. Eliminating the use of harsh chemicals in the home and avoiding synthetic cosmetics will reduce toxin build-up in the system. For natural alternatives see Natural Household Cleaners.
The body is also at a disadvantage when poor-quality food has been ingested for a long period, especially if fast food has been over-consumed, which often contains too much salt, trans-fats and sugar or cheap refined foods with most of the health-giving nutrients stripped out. It is simply a case of moderation and balance. Over-consumption of any one substance, even water, can be poisonous and adversely affect the balance of nutrients and intestinal flora (micro-organisms in the intestines which aid digestion).
It can be very difficult to cut down or abstain from any unhealthy substance, the consumption of which has become a habit, be it alcohol, caffeine, drugs, sugar, salt, fried fatty foods or smoking tobacco. This is not helped by the easy availability of these substances or the aggressive marketing ploys of the producers and manufacturers. However, being informed about the dangers of constantly ingesting these substances can help to provide the strength of mind to protect the body (and those of loved ones) and will result in a longer and far more comfortable and ailment-free life and is the reason this book.
End of Chapter 1. Buy the Nature Cures book to read more.
MORE ABOUT THE HUMAN BODY
The body and brain is at a great disadvantage when poor food that has been ingested for a long period. Any extra stress or toxic and synthetic chemical overload leads to a downward spiral of health. It is simply a case of moderation and balance. Too much consumption of any one component, even water, can be poisonous and adversely affect the balance of nutrients and intestinal flora.
Monetary profits derived from food products has now become far more important than the nutrition that our ancestors spent decades finding out by trial and error for us. The intense farming
techniques and processing of food has stripped the western diet
it of many vital nutrients, especially minerals, that are vital for good health in order to increase production, ease of use, shelf-life and money.
The pH (potential Hydrogen) scale is a gauge of the acidity or amount of base of an aqueous solution. On a scale of 1-14, 7 is neutral, 14 is alkaline and 1 is acidic. Most common solutions fall between these numbers.
The normal range for pH of the blood and other bodily fluids (except stomach acids) for sustaining human life is 7.35-7.45. If pH is below 7.35, it is considered acidosis and if it is above 7.45, it is alkalosis. The acid-alkaline (or acid-base) ratio is a balance between positively charged ions (acid-forming) and negatively charged ions (alkaline-forming.) The body continually strives to balance its pH level.
Most people who suffer from unbalanced pH are acidic. This condition forces the body to steal minerals, such as calcium, sodium, potassium and magnesium, from vital organs and the bones to buffer (neutralise) the acid and safely remove it from the body. Because of this strain, the body can suffer severe and prolonged damage due to high acidity and this condition can go undetected for years.
Mild acidosis can cause such problems as:
Cardiovascular damage, including the constriction of blood vessels and the reduction of oxygen.
Acceleration of free radical damage, possibly contributing to cancerous tumours.
Bladder and kidney disorders, including kidney stones.
Immune system malfunction.
Joint pain, aching muscles and lactic acid build-up.
Osteoporosis; weak, brittle bones, hip fractures and bone spurs.
Low energy and chronic fatigue.
Slow digestion and elimination.
Weight gain, obesity and diabetes.
A litmus paper saliva or urine test (available from a pharmacy) can determine the body’s pH and if it shows to be acidic (anything under 7.35) swallowing a teaspoon of milk of magnesia or bicarbonate of soda in water or can quickly rectify the balance.
Alkalising foods means that while a food might not be alkaline in nature, when broken down by the body is produces an alkaline effect, in contrast to an acidic effect from acid-forming foods. One example is that citrus fruits like grapefruits and lemons, while containing citric acid, are actually alkalising once consumed. That is why it is important to distinguish between foods that on the outside are acidic, but once digested and processed by the human body, become alkaline.
ALKALISING FOODS TO REDUCE ACID LEVELS IN THE BODY
Read more about Acidity
The pharmaceutical industry is now
worth billions and medications are now churned out at an
alarming rate, before being tested fully or for long enough and
any adverse trial results are legally allowed to be hidden from
consumers, government departments and health practitioners. This
is unethical practice and means that many medications are
actually doing more harm than good. It also means that patients
cannot make an informed decision about what they place into
their bodies. They put their trust in doctors who have also been
hoodwinked by the pharmaceutical industries into believing their
drugs are safe and will do no harm.
Doctors now seem to treat symptoms
with medications alone instead of concentrating on the root
cause of conditions which is very often vital nutrients missing
in the diet of the patient.
'Alternative medicine' is now considered to be using natural
foods to heal whereas the real 'alternative medicine' should be
synthetic chemical drugs as a last resort if changing the diet and lifestyle
and trying natural remedies first does not help.
Read more about Medications
DISORDERS OF THE HUMAN BODY
To find out more about the health disorders affecting different parts of the body, click on the links below.
"Nature cures not the physician..." Hippocrates 460 BC
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