Adenine is produced with serine and glycine and pairs with thymine (T) as one of four chemical bases in
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) with the other paired two being cytosine (C) and guanine (G). Adenine also pairs with uracil (U) along with paired cytosine (C) and guanine (G) as one of the four bases in RNA (ribonucleic acid). A form of adenine called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) serves as an energy storage molecule and is used to power many chemical reactions within the cell.
It acts as a co-enzyme with other vitamins to enhance metabolism, helps to alleviate fatigue and debility, increases antibody formation in counteracting infection, acts as a precursor for assimilation of B vitamins, strengthens the immune system response, promotes cell formation and normal growth, prevents cellular mutation and free radical formation and helps to balance blood sugar levels. It also increases transit time of the intestinal tract. Although it was originally called vitamin B4 it is no longer considered a vitamin.