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The A-Z of hormones, their functions and how to balance them naturally

Hormones are important chemical messengers made by the body from amino acids and various other components, including cholesterol, as and when they are required to coordinate biological processes between different cells, tissues and organs. They control bodily functions, from simple basic needs such as body temperature, hunger, satiety and sleep as well as complex functions such as development, growth, repair and reproduction. They also have a great influence upon emotions and moods. An example are growth hormones that are made in the anterior pituitary gland and released into the blood stream. This then stimulates the liver to produce the paracrine insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) that bind to its specific receptor, the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R), which is present on many cell types in many tissues throughout the body.


Hormones have diverse chemical structures, mainly of three classes: eicosanoids, steroids and amino acid/protein derivatives (amines, peptides, and proteins). Peptides consist of two or more of the  twenty amino acids that make up proteins. Polypeptides and proteins both contain a combination of ten or more amino acids, but peptides consisting of more than fifty amino acids are classified as proteins. Peptide hormones are produced by the endocrine glands (adrenal, pancreas, pineal, pituitary and thyroid) or by various organs such as the intestines, kidneys, liver, placenta or stomach. Peptide hormones can have complex, convoluted structures made up of hundreds of amino acids. Human insulin is identical to pig insulin, except that the last amino acid of the B-Chain for the pig is alanine instead of threonine.


Steroid hormones are fat-soluble molecules made from cholesterol such as the three sex hormones groups, androgens, oestrogens and progesterones. Males and females make all three in different amounts. Steroids pass into a cell's nucleus, bind to specific receptors and genes and trigger the cell to make proteins.


Amino acid derivatives, such as epinephrine, are water-soluble molecules derived from amino acids. These hormones are stored in endocrine cells until needed. They act by binding to protein receptors on the outside surface of the cell. The binding alerts a messenger molecule inside the cell that activates enzymes and other cellular proteins or influences gene expression.


Insulin, growth hormone, prolactin and other water-soluble polypeptide hormones consist of long chains of amino acids, from several to 200 amino acids long. They are stored in endocrine cells until needed to regulate such processes as metabolism, lactation, growth and reproduction.


The A-Z of hormones


17β-Estradiol (17βE2 steroid)   

Cholesterol derivative produced by: the female reproductive system.


Maintains the uterine environment and effects behaviour, stimulates granulosa cell growth, increases synthesis of granulosa cell insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), maintains follicle stimulating hormone receptors and induces the luteinizing hormones receptors.


Adrenalin (epinephrine)

Tyrosine derivative produced by: the adrenal glands.


Controls the fight or flight response and blood pressure and converts glycogen to glucose.


Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH peptide)

Made from 39 amino acids in the pituitary anterior lobe.


Influences the amount of corticoids (cortisol and corticosterone) produced by the cortex of the adrenal glands. Corticoids help regulate the amount of minerals in the body, as well as carbohydrate metabolism.


Aldosterone (mineralocorticoids, steroid)

Cholesterol derivative made in the adrenal cortex.

Increases sodium (NA+) levels in the blood. It is necessary for regulation of salt and water in the body and increases sodium re-absorption by an action on the distal tubules of the kidney.


Allopregnanolone (pregnane neurosteroid)

Progesterone derivative produced by cortical and hippocampus pyramidal neurons and pyramidal-like neurons of the basolateral amygdala in the brain.


An activator of the pregnane X receptor and has anaesthetic, analgesic, anti-aggressive, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, anxiolytic (relieves anxiety), cognitive and memory-impairing, neurogenic, neuro-protective, pro-sexual, pro-sleep, pro-social, rewarding, sedative, stress-reducing effects. Fluctuations in the levels of allopregnanolone and the other neurosteroids play an important role in the pathophysiology of anxiety, catamenial epilepsy, mood, premenstrual syndrome and various other neuropsychiatric conditions.


Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) (neuro-peptide)

This is the most important of the melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSHs) and has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities. It possesses antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. by causing bacterial membrane damage. It also activates the vagus nerve and prevents damage from a stroke because of its ability to suppress inflammation.

Amylin (peptide)

Made from 39 amino acids in the pituitary anterior lobe and co-secreted with insulin from the pancreatic β-cells.


Helps with glycaemic regulation by slowing gastric emptying and promoting satiety, thereby preventing spikes in blood glucose levels.


Angiotensin ii (peptide)

Made from eight amino acids by the action of renin (an enzyme produced by the kidneys) on a protein called angiotensinogen, which is formed by the liver. Angiotensin I is transformed into angiotensin II in the blood by the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE).


Regulates blood pressure by vasoconstriction.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)

Made from 32 amino acids by the heart.


Lowers blood pressure, controls electrolyte homeostasis and reduces extracellular fluid volume by increasing renal sodium excretion.


Calcitonin (peptide)

Made from 32 amino acids by the thyroid gland.


Decreases calcium (Ca2+) and phosphate (PO43-) ions in the extracellular fluids.


Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)

Cholesterol derivative made in the skin.


Responsible for the intestinal absorption of calcium, regulates the amount of phosphorus and magnesium in the body and assists with the maintenance of the immune system, thyroid function and normal blood clotting. It also acts as a co-factor in the utilisation of amino acids.


Cholecystokinin (CCK)

Made of eight, 33, 38 and 59 amino acids in the i-cells in the lining of the first segment of the small intestines (duodenum) and some neurones in the brain.


Responsible for gallbladder contraction and stimulates delivery into the small intestine of digestive enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the gallbladder. When digesting fat, cholecystokinin is released and stimulates the release of oxytocin. Oxytocin then causes the stomach walls to contract creating a feeling of being full.


Cholesterol (modified steroid)

Made in the liver.


An essential structural component of all cell membranes and plays a vital role in how every cell works. It is also needed to make Vitamin D, many hormones and fat-dissolving bile acids for digestion. It also acts as a vital glue in arteries to prevent internal bleeding if they become damaged..


Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH peptide)

Made of 41 amino acids in the hypothalamus in the brain.


Secreted by the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus in response to stress. It decreases vagus nerve activity from the brain to the heart. Vagus nerve activation will slow the heart rate, but corticotropin releasing hormone inhibits this and increases heart rate. It also stimulates the vagus impulse from the brain (area postrema) to the colon (by activating the dorsal nucleus of vagi, via cholinergic transmission.


Cortisol (glucocorticoids, steroid hormone)

Cholesterol derivative made by the adrenals glands.


Regulates a wide range of processes throughout the body, including metabolism, inflammation and the immune response. It is released in response to stress and low blood-glucose concentration. Glucocorticoids released in the body send feedback to the brain and influence the release of CRH (corticotropin-releasing hormone) and ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone).


Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA, steroid)

Cholesterol derivative made by the adrenals glands.


A precursor to male and female sex hormones, including oestrogen and testosterone .


Deoxycorticosterone (DOC, steroid)

Cholesterol derivative made in the testes, ovaries and prostate gland as well as skin and other tissues.


A precursor for the synthesis of aldosterone and cortisol and involved in regulating the salt and water balance of the body.


Dihydrotestosterone (androgen, androstanolone or stanolone)

Cholesterol derivative made made through the conversion of testosterone by the testes and prostate (in men), the ovaries (in women) plus the skin and other parts of the body.


Stimulates the development of male characteristics in the foetus by causing differentiation of penis, scrotum and prostate. Also has a function in male and female libodo and sexual arousal and contributes to balding, prostate growth and sebaceous gland activity.


Dopamine (neurotransmitter)

Tyrosine derivative made in the hypothalamus in the brain.


Responsible for addiction, attention span, executive function, hunger cravings, mental drive, mood regulation,  the reward cycle and facilitating muscular contractions. It regulates blood flow through the arteries, the control of motor functions, modulates eating habits, contributes to learning and high cognitive functioning and reinforces behaviour. It is also involved in regulating the secretion of hormones from the pituitary gland and body temperature control.


Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH protein)

Made of 204 amino acids in the pituitary anterior lobe.


Causes both egg cells and sperm cells to mature so that reproduction can occur.


Estrodiol (oestrogen)

Cholesterol derivative made in the gonads, fat cells, brain and arterial walls.


Female sex hormone that is predominantly oestrogen through out a female's childbearing years. Has a significant impact on reproductive and sexual function as well as on other organs and parts of the body including the bones. It acts as a growth hormone for the reproductive structures including the lining of the vagina, the fallopian tubes, the endometrium and the cervical glands. The hormone is also required to maintain oocytes (eggs in the ovary) and triggers a series of events that lead to ovulation. In addition, estradiol works in conjunction with progesterone to prepare the womb lining for implantation. In males, estradiol aids sperm maturation and also helps to maintain a healthy libido.


Erythropoietin (EPO protein)

Made of 166 amino acids by the kidneys.


Promotes formation of red blood cells by the bone marrow.


Gastrin (peptide)

Made of 14 amino acids by the parietal cells of the stomach. Released by G cells in the pyloric antrum of the duodenum, pancreas and stomach.


Regulates secretion of gastric acid and pepsin which is a digestive enzyme consisting of 326 amino acids.


Ghrelin (peptide)

Made of 28 amino acids in the lining of the stomach when it is empty.


Stimulates release of growth hormones and increases feeling of hunger by signalling to the hypothalamus in the brain that the body needs to eat. Ghrelin stimulates the pancreas from the brain via the vagus nerve and hunger by stimulating the vagus nerve signal from the brain to the gut and this is abolished by capsaicin (in chilli peppers).


Glucagon (peptide)

Made of 29 amino acids in the pancreas (Islets of Langerhans).


Tells the liver to convert more glycogen to glucose.


Glucan-like peptide (GLP-1)

Made of 13 amino acids by the intestinal epithelial endocrine L-cells after eating.


Stimulates insulin secretion.


Gonadotropic releasing hormone (GnRH peptide)

Made of 10 amino acids by the arcuate nuclei of the hypothalamus.


These are follicle-stimulating (FSH) and luteinising hormones. (LH).


Histamine (autocoid, biogenic monoamine)

Made in the basophils and mast cells found in all connective  tissues, but is particularly abundant in the gastrointestinal tract, lungs and skin and is made from the amino acid histadine.


Produced as part of the local immune response to invading bodies and triggers inflammation and causes blood vessels to increase in diameter (vasodilation) to become more permeable to the passage of fluid and white blood cells across the vessel wall. Histamine also regulates the release of gastric acid in the stomach and bowel motility and acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain, spinal cord and uterus and can be affected by oestrogen levels in the body of females. In the brain histamine neurons increase wakefulness and prevent sleep.  Histamine is also is involved in the contraction of smooth muscle tissues of the lungs, stomach and uterus.


Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG protein)

Made from 237 amino acids by the fertilised egg in the female reproductive system (trophoblast and placenta).


Produced after egg implantation in uterus, during week two and supports the ovarian corpus luteum, which in turn supports the endometrial lining and therefore maintains pregnancy.


Insulin (protein)

Made of 51 amino acids in the pancreas (Islets of Langerhans).


Lowers blood glucose levels and promotes glucose storage as glycogen and fat and escorts glucose across the cell membranes. Fasting decreases insulin production but can kick start the pancreas into producing adequate insulin when diabetes has developed.


Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)

Made of 70 amino acids in the liver.


Stimulates growth and repair in cells throughout the body.


Lactogen (human placental hormone)

Made of 191 amino acids in the placenta late in gestation.


Modifies the metabolic state of the mother during pregnancy to enable sufficient energy supply to the foetus.


Leptin (protein)

Made of 167 amino acids in the body's fat cells.


Has a role in brain function, fertility, immunity and tells the hypothalamus in the brain when there is enough fat stored and there is no need to eat.


Lipocalin 2 (protein)

Made of 198 amino acids in the bones.


Iron-trafficking protein involved in multiple processes such as apoptosis, innate immunity and renal development.


Luteinizing hormones (LH)

Made of 204 amino acids in the pituitary gland.


Acts synergistically with follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). In males it stimulates the production of testosterone and in females it triggers ovulation.


Melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH or intermedin, melanotropins), (α-MSH), β-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (β-MSH), γ-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (γ-MSH)

Made of varying amount of amino acids in the pituitary pars intermedia.


Regulates prolactin secretions and, in fish, darkens the scales. Also have antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and reduces inflammation.


Melatonin (protein)

A tryptophan derivative made by the pineal gland when there is no sunlight.


Triggers sleep and controls the biological body clock.


Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone, cortisol and testosterone, steroids)

Cholesterol derivative made in the adrenal cortex.


Regulates the excretion or re-absorption of sodium and potassium by the kidneys, salivary glands, and sweat glands.


Noradrenaline (norepinephrine)

Tyrosine derivative made in the adrenal cortex.


This stress hormone increases the blood pressure and heart rate, stimulates the release of glucose from energy stores, increases blood flow to skeletal muscle, reduces blood flow to the gastrointestinal system and inhibits voiding of the bladder and gastrointestinal motility.


Oestrogen (steroid)

Cholesterol derivative made in the ovaries.


Stimulates development of female secondary sex characteristics and prepares the body for childbirth.


Orexin A and B (hypocretin-1 and -2)

Orexin A is made of 33 amino acids and orexin B is made of 28 amino acids by neurons of the lateral, perifornical and posterior hypothalamus.


Stimulates the pancreas and the vagus nerve which promotes gut flow. It also Increases glucose tolerance or insulin sensitivity via the liver vagus nerve but also inhibits the activation of the vagus nerve signals to the brain by competing with cholecystokinin (CCK). It also regulates the sleep–wake cycle, drinking behaviour, locomotor activity and sympathetic nervous system activation. Orexin also contributes to regulation of the endocrine system by elevating blood corticosterone levels, decreasing blood prolactin levels and suppressing the gonadotropin-producing cells in the hypothalamus. It also participates in the control of cardiovascular system, cognitive functions and energy expenditure and regulates the rewarding aspects of male sexual reward. It also has a functional role in the regulation of food reward through its actions within the mesolimbic system.


Osteocalcin (peptide)

Made of 49 amino acids in the bones (released by osteoblasts during bone formation).


Regulates glucose homeostasis, promotes β-cell proliferation, insulin secretion and plays a role in bone matrix building.


Oxytocin (peptide)

Made of nine amino acids in the pituitary posterior lobe.


Causes contraction of mammary gland cells to produce milk and stimulation of contractions of the uterine muscles which lead to child-birth, increases blood pressure and decreases the formation of urine during pregnancy. Also regulates social interaction and sexual reproduction, playing a role in behaviours from maternal-infant bonding and milk release to empathy, generosity and orgasm.


Palmitoleic acid (omega-7 fatty acid)

Found in cashew nuts and anchovies


Palmitoleic acid, that has tremendous health benefits for diabetics and those at a risk of developing heart disease and metabolic syndrome. Palmitoleic acid is the first fatty acid found to act as a hormone in the body and this class of hormones has been called “lipokine”. Prior to this finding, all known hormones were either proteins or steroids.


Parathyroid hormone (PTH peptide)

Made of four amino acids in the parathyroid glands.


Increases calcium (Ca2+) and phosphate ions in the extracellular fluids.


Phosphatonin (FGF23 protein)

Made of 251 amino acids in the bones.


Regulates phosphate concentration in plasma.


Pregnenolone (endogenous steroid)

Cholesterol derivative made in the adrenal glands, brain, liver, ovaries, retinas (eyes), skin and testicles.


Precursor or metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of the steroid hormones androgens, glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, oestrogens and progestogens. Has a role in cognitive functions and memory in the brain.


Progesterone (steroid)

Cholesterol derivative made in the female reproductive system.


Makes the uterus favourable to the reception of a developing embryo.


Prolactin (PRL peptide)

Made of 198 amino acids in the pituitary anterior lobe.


Stimulates the production of milk in the mammary glands and maternal behaviour.


Secosteroids (vitamin D)

Cholesterol derivative made by the skin.


Enables absorption of calcium along with vitamin K2 and is involved with the  immune system and thyroid  function. It also helps to regulate the amount of phosphorus and magnesium in the body and helps to maintain a healthy heart, lungs, pancreas and nervous system.


Secretin (peptide)

Made of 27 amino acids in the stomach and intestines.


Helps to regulate the pH of the duodenum by inhibiting the secretion of gastric acid from the parietal cells of the stomach and stimulating the production of bicarbonate from the centroacinar cells and intercalated ducts of the pancreas.


Serotonin (protein)

Tryptophan derivative made by the pineal gland when sunlight is present.


A neurotransmitter that elevates the mood.


Somatostatin (growth hormone–inhibiting hormone GHIH, peptides)

Made of 14 and 28 amino acids and produced by many tissues especially the digestive and nervous systems.


Regulates a wide variety of physiological functions and inhibits the secretion of other hormones, the activity of the gastrointestinal tract and the rapid reproduction of normal and tumour cells. In the hypothalamus, it regulates the secretion of hormones coming from the pituitary gland, including growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone. In the pancreas, somatostatin inhibits the secretion of pancreatic hormones, including glucagon and insulin.


Somatotropin (human growth  hormone HGH)

Made of 191 amino acids in the pituitary anterior lobe.


Stimulates the growth of bones and organs by promoting amino acid uptake by cells and regulates development of the body. Growth hormone levels increase during fasting.


Testosterone (anabolic steroid)

Cholesterol derivative made by the adrenal glands and testes in males. In females it is produced by the adrenal glands and ovaries as well as through the conversion of adrenal androgens in other parts of the body.#


In male humans, testosterone controls the development of male reproductive tissues such as the testes, penis, prostate and sperm and promotes male characteristics such as increased muscle and bone mass and the growth of body hair. It is also involved in the production of red blood cells and has an influence on behaviours such as aggression and dominance. In females, testosterone is important for maintaining bone strength, energy levels and lean muscle mass but is required in far smaller amounts than in males.


Tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (THDOC, endogenous neurosteroid)

Cholesterol derivative made in the brain.


Reduces anxiety and seizure activity and affects mood and the reward circuits in the brain. It also plays a role in mediating deoxycorticosterone (DOC) function in stress and related neuro-endocrine conditions.


Triiodothyronine (thyroid hormone)

Made in the thyroid gland using iodine and the amino acid tyrosine.


Controls brain development, heart and digestive functions, metabolic rate, muscle control and the maintenance of bones and affects blood vessels to determine body temperature.


Thrombopioetin (glycoprotien)

Made of 332 amino acids in the kidneys and liver.


Stimulates the production of megakaryocytes, the bone marrow cells that bud off large numbers of platelets


Thymopieotin (polypeptide protein)

Made of 49 amino acids in the thymus gland.


Stimulates the production of special lymphocytes (white blood cells) called T-cells, which play an important role in the immune system and controls the rate at which the skin and other tissues age.


Thymosin (polypeptide)

Made of 43 amino acids in the thymus gland.


Stimulates the development of T-cell antibodies.


Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH glycoprotien)

Made of 201 amino acids in the pituitary anterior lobe.


Stimulates the thyroid to produce and release thyroid hormones into the blood.


Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH, thyrotropin releasing factor TRF or thyroliberin)

made of three amino acids in the hypothalamus.


Controls pituitary thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin release and has an effect on the arousal and feeding centres of the brain, causing wakefulness and loss of appetite.


Thyroxine (T4)

Tyrosine derivative made in the thyroid gland.


Controls brain development, heart and digestive functions, metabolic rate, muscle control and the maintenance of bones and affects blood vessels to determine body temperature


Vasopressin (antiduiretic hormone ADH peptide)

Made of nine amino acids in the pituitary posterior lobe


Controls the re-absorption of water from the kidneys into the blood stream and increases blood pressure.


Stress and hormones


Under conditions of severe physical or emotional stress, the body can slow down to conserve energy. this is s a normal coping mechanism. After the stress has passed the metabolism and body temperature are supposed to return to normal.

  1. The Hypothalamus stimulates the Pituitary gland to produce Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH).

  2. TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T4 (thyroxine).

  3. T4 is the raw material used to make the active thyroid hormone T3.

  4. T4 is also converted to Reverse T3 (RT3) which is physiologically inactive.

  5. 80 percent of the active thyroid hormone T3 is produced outside the thyroid gland, in the tissues of the body.

  6. T4 is converted to T3 by an enzyme called 5′ Deiodinase.

  7. This enzyme is inhibited by stress, acute and chronic illness, fasting, cortisol (steroid), and other things.

  8. Under stress and fasting, the body converts less T4 to T3 and more T4 to RT3 to conserve energy (with less T3, the cells of the body slow down).

Natural foods that help the body produce and balance the hormones

  • Alfalfa sprouts

  • Algae and seaweed (richest mineral source)

  • Apples

  • Apricots

  • Artichokes

  • Avocado

  • Beans

  • Beef (grass-fed)

  • Beetroot

  • Berries

  • Coconut oil

  • Cod liver oil

  • Cucumbers

  • Eggs

  • Krill oil

  • Leafy vegetables especially asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, kale, spinach and watercress

  • Lemons and limes

  • Lentils

  • Melons

  • Nuts (soaked overnight or sprouted)

  • Oily wild caught fish

  • Olives and olive oil

  • Quinoa

  • Peppers (all colours)

  • Pheasant (hen)

  • Rabbit (wild)

  • Red cabbage and onions

  • Root vegetables especially carrots, Swede, sweet potatoes and turnips

  • Seeds and their oils especially flaxseeds, hemp, pumpkin and sunflower seeds

  • Squashes

  • Tangerines

  • Tigernuts

  • Tomatoes

  • Venison

Note 1: Always consume any red, orange or yellow vegetables with avocado, butter, coconut oil, fish, nut seed or other plant oils or yoghurt as fat-soluble nutrients such as carotenoids and vitamins A, D, E and K cannot be absorbed unless consumed at the same time as some fat or oil.


Note 2:Always consume vitamin E-rich foods, such as nuts and seeds, at the same time as vitamin C rich foods such as fruit and vegetables. Too much of one or the other will cause an imbalance of iron, manganese and zinc as they have opposite effects upon these minerals.


Correct balance of intestinal flora can help to balance the hormones


Fibre is one of the most important dietary components to consume regularly when it comes to balancing the hormones and is often removed by refining and processing techniques. The skins of fruit, grains, seeds and vegetables are not only important for fibre they also contain the richest sources of vitamins and other important nutrients such as coumarins, flavonoids, lignans and other plant phytochemicals.


A well-balanced gastrointestinal flora environment is also vital and can be maintained by regular consumption of the following prebiotic and probiotic foods.

Prebiotic foods that feed the existing beneficial bacteria

  • Agave

  • Apples

  • Asparagus

  • Banana

  • Beans

  • Bran

  • Broccoli

  • Burdock root

  • Cabbage

  • Cauliflower

  • Celeriac

  • Chicory root

  • Cocoa (raw)

  • Coconut flesh

  • Dandelion root

  • Elecampane

  • Elephant foot yam

  • Garlic

  • Jerusalem artichoke

  • Jicama root
  • Kale

  • Leeks

  • Lentils

  • Mashua

  • Mugwort

  • Oats

  • Onions

  • Parsnips

  • Peas

  • Radish

  • Rampion

  • Salsify

  • Turnip

  • Swede

  • Sweet potato

  • Whole grains

  • Yacon root

  • Yams

Probiotic foods that contain beneficial bacteria

  • Brine pickles (eggs, fruit, nuts, seeds and vegetables that have been fermented by lactic acid bacteria)

  • Kefir (fermented milk drink)

  • Kimchi (a fermented, spicy Korean side dish)

  • Kombucha (fermented black or green Asian tea)

  • Miso (a Japanese fermented seasoning made with soya beans, salt and a type of fungus called koji)

  • Sauerkraut (finely shredded cabbage that has been fermented by lactic acid bacteria)

  • Tempeh (fermented soya beans)

  • Yoghurt (plain with live cultures)

Spices that can help to balance the hormones

  • Chill pepper

  • Cinnamon

  • Coriander

  • Cumin

  • Garlic

  • Ginger

  • Peppercorns

  • Turmeric

Nutrients that help the body produce and balance the hormones


Follow the links to find the highest natural food sources of these nutrients.


For disorders affecting the hormones and natural remedies see: Human glands


For disorders affecting the nerves see: The Nervous system

Related articles

References (copy and paste into browser)

  • efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/3532 

  • hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2015/343706/

  • sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352385916300184

  • sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/estrogen-receptor-beta

  • sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone

  • uniprot.org/uniprot/P80188

  • wilsonssyndrome.com/identify/wilsons-temperature-syndrome-blood-test-undiagnosable/

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