ABUTA (Abutta officinalis, Cissampelos pareira)
Also known as: abutua, aristoloche lobee, barbasco, bejuco de raton, butua, cheval, false pareira, feuille coeur, imchich masha, liane patte gasing-gasing, pareira
Abuta is a woody, climbing rainforest vine with leaves up to 30 cm long and produces inedible grape-sized berries that grows in the Amazon basin and other humid, tropical areas of the world.
Another tropical vine, Abuta grandiflora, also has the common name of abuta in South America, but this is a very different plant with different chemicals and uses in herbal medicine. This plant is referred to in Peru as chiric sanago as well as abuta which often causes confusion.
Abuta, Cissampelos pareira, is known as a ‘midwife’s herb’ in South America and is used to treat a variety of women’s complaints. It also acts as an antiseptic to the bladder, is a cerebral tonic and works well as an aphrodisiac.
It can also be used as an expectorant (expels phlegm), emmenagogue (stimulates blood flow in the pelvic area and uterus) and antipyretic (reduces fever) and is a good diuretic.
It is also used to prevent abortion, relieve heavy menstrual bleeding and stop uterine haemorrhages (bleeding). Powdered abuta bark has also been used for menstrual complaints.
The decoction of the stems and roots of this Amazonian plant mixed with wild bee honey is used to treat sterile women. A root decoction is used for post-menstrual haemorrhages, the alcoholic maceration for rheumatism. A root decoction is also used as a cardio tonic, anti-anaemic and anti-malarial medicine.